Middle East

Here be Dragomans

For wealthy tourists travelling to the Middle East in the 19th century, the services of a dragoman were an essential purchase. Yet the often difficult lives of these local agents and guides remain elusive. 

Yemen’s Endless Wars

For more than a century, southern Arabia has seen waves of insurgency and conflict backed by competing foreign powers. 

A Historic Turning Point in Arab-Israeli Relations?

The ‘normalisation’ of diplomatic relations between several Arab countries and Israel in late 2020 was described at the time as ‘historic’. Four experts consider whether it will lead to long-term change.

A House Divided

What the Easter 1920 riots in Jerusalem revealed about British rule in Palestine.

Slaves to War

The military elite of the Muslim world was comprised of men who had been captured and forced into service. But to what extent were they subject to slavery?

The First Tanker War

If tensions between the US and Iran in the Persian Gulf lead to war, it will not be the first time.

Speaking My Language

Arabic was not just spread by the sword, but by merchants, patron-hunting poets and dowry-seeking princes.