Karl Marx and the Philosophy of History

As prophet and economist, Marx is a familiar figure. But what, asks Lindley Fraser, was his real contribution to the writing of history?

Marx in 1875
Marx in 1875

Marx is important to the historian in three different aspects – as an historian himself, as a philosopher of history, and as an historical figure. Here I propose to confine myself largely to the second heading, though I shall also have to say something about the other two. First, what do we mean by a 'philosophy of history'? I take it to be a branch not of history but of philosophy. The philosopher tries to study the various forms of human experience sub specie aternitatis, relating them as best he can to experience as a whole.

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