Volume 71 Issue 1 January 2021

Laocoön

A warning is ignored and a city falls in El Greco’s lurid depiction.

Belarus Remembers

Belarusian memory of the Second World War once helped legitimise the Lukashenka regime. Now it is undermining it. 

Was German Unification Inevitable?

In January 1871 Bismarck declared the German nation united. Following a tragic 20th century, Germany reunified once more in 1990. Four historians offer their perspectives on both events.

The Invention of Chinese

Believing language would unify their struggling nation, Chinese officials began a project to create a national language and define what it meant to speak Chinese.