The Iron Bridge near Coalbrookdale, Shropshire, completed 1779.

In the Industrial Revolution, state intervention, protectionism and immigration were all adopted by successive governments to promote British manufacturing.

Stele representing the "paiment of taxes", Jaumont limestone, 2nd-3rd century, Metz. Kept in Musées de la Cour d'Or

Dealing with debt in the Roman Empire.

Stanley Spencer, The Resurrection: Tidying, 1945.

History suggests that closer collaboration and rradical new thinking between the central state and Cooperativisim could yet yield positive results. 

The division of migrants into those who are of benefit to British society and those who are not has a long history.

Queen Victoria in 1887, by Alexander Bassano.

An examination of the ‘fleeting, fine-grained intimacies’ of letters, diaries and memoirs produces a witty and scholarly account of Victorian attitudes to the body.

Street Types of New York City: Emigrant and Pretzel Vendor, Alice Austen, c.1896. Courtesy Library of Congress

Faced with an extortionate rise in the price of kosher meat, Jewish women in New York’s Lower East Side employed protest tactics borrowed from the radical political movements that prospered in their neighbourhood. 

If Bolivia is so rich, why is it so poor? 

From Elizabethan laws to modern food campaigns: the long history of Britain's patriotic consumers.

Medieval hermits were the agony aunts of their day. 

The Evil May Day as imagined by the London Apprentice, 1852.

Foreign traders were attracted to the City of London by England’s prosperous trade in wool and cloth. They were not always made welcome.