Islam

The walls and minaret of the Abu Dulaf mosque, Samarra, Iraq, ninth century.

Too many historians and commentators view history from a western perspective. In doing so, they turn their back on the roots of our global system, argues Peter Frankopan.

The Nazis believed that Islamic forces would prove crucial wartime allies. But, as David Motadel shows, the Muslim world was unwilling to be swayed by the Third Reich's advances.

Worlds apart: women window-shop in Aleppo, Syria, 2008.

Arriving in Syria, three London schoolgirls will find themselves in a ‘medieval’ world where the teenager is an unknown concept.

Eleventh-century Córdoba was at the heart of the rich culture of Muslim Andalusia. Among its greatest creative figures was Wallada, princess, patron and poet, and one of the most influential women writers in European history.

Souls for sale: the slave market at Zabid, Yemen, by Yahya ibn Mahmud al-Wasiti, 1237

The appalling treatment of women and girls by the soldiers of Islamic State and other jihadist groups raises troubling questions about the historical relationship between military conflict and sexual violence.

As the jihadists of ISIS continue their brutal campaign to restore the Islamic caliphate, Conor Meleady draws parallels with the ultimately futile efforts of another would-be caliph a century ago.

In the early days of the First World War a plan was hatched in Berlin to spread revolt among the Muslim populations of the Entente empires. David Motadel looks at the reasons why it failed.

The decline of language skills threatens the study of the past. And machines won’t come to the rescue.

Findings at a desert site in eastern Syria shed light on pagan, Jewish and early Christian religions.

P.M. Holt depicts 'an organized revolutionary movement... resulting in the establishment of a territorial Islamic state'.