In the early 19th century ‘filthy rags’ – or bank notes – became a common form of currency. A surge in forgery followed, accompanied by a surge in harsh prosecutions. How did we get from gold to paper?
From Elizabethan laws to modern food campaigns: the long history of Britain's patriotic consumers.
Attempts to control the spread of bank note forgery in India have proven ineffective and dangerous.
Jonathan Conlin considers the life and thought of Adam Smith, father of modern economics, and the competing claims for his legacy.
Since antiquity, moneymen have been the target of vitriol.
Wars have left their impact in Sheffield, and the Crimean War perhaps more than any. W.H.G. Armytage marks the metamorphosis of a large-scale industrial city
During the fifteenth century, writes Christopher Hibbert, the Medici banking house in Florence ‘almost passed belief’ in power and influence.