Economic History

In the early 19th century ‘filthy rags’ – or bank notes – became a common form of currency. A surge in forgery followed, accompanied by a surge in harsh prosecutions. How did we get from gold to paper?

From Elizabethan laws to modern food campaigns: the long history of Britain's patriotic consumers.

Attempts to control the spread of bank note forgery in India have proven ineffective and dangerous.

The novelist Fanny Burney was one of the first writers to use the word ‘shopping’ in print. ‘We have been a shopping’, announces the eponymous...

Jonathan Conlin considers the life and thought of Adam Smith, father of modern economics, and the competing claims for his legacy. 

Every year enough raw cotton is produced for each person in the world to consume 20 T-shirts. Cotton is one of the most common commodities; even our...
Ralph Waldo Emerson once said that ‘money often costs too much’, a sentiment that would have rung true to governing politicians in the early years of...

Since antiquity, moneymen have been the target of vitriol. 

Wars have left their impact in Sheffield, and the Crimean War perhaps more than any. W.H.G. Armytage marks the metamorphosis of a large-scale industrial city

During the fifteenth century the Medici banking house in Florence ‘almost passed belief’ in power and influence.