First World War
When the Great War broke out in 1914, the German imperial army was regarded as the finest fighting force on earth. Just four years later, it was crushed by Britain and its allies.
Having survived the rigours of the Great War, soldiers faced the return to civilian life. For some, it presented an even greater challenge.
The British public are obsessed with the First World War, but know little about how it was brought to an end.
On 24 October 1917, the Central Powers launched a massive offensive at Italy’s north-eastern border. The resulting battle – popularly known as Caporetto – has been described as the greatest defeat in Italian military history.
How did an evocatively named Flanders village become shorthand for a whole series of battles around the Belgian city of Ypres?
The work of military nurses at Passchendaele transformed the perception of women’s war service, showing they could perform life-saving work and risk their lives at the front.
The Hydra, a magazine produced by shell shock patients, was pioneering as a mental health care treatment.
Volunteer rationing in the First World War depended on patriotism, but that could only go so far.