English Civil War

Rise and fall: Cromwell Dissolving the Long Parliament, by Benjamin West (1782).

The English republic was brought down by the same forces that brought it to power.

Monument commemorating the Battle of Naseby.

The dramatic events that shook Britain in the 17th century resonate more strongly than ever, despite attempts to marginalise them.

Dress found off the coast of Texel in April, 2015. Copyright Museum Kaap Skil

The often overlooked importance of maritime affairs on the course of the Civil Wars.

Wheelchair of Sir Thomas Fairfax, parliamentarian commander-in-chief

The Civil Wars of the 17th century prompted pioneering medical care and welfare, provided by the state not just for soldiers but for the widows and children they left behind, as Eric Gruber von Arni and Andrew Hopper show.

The uppermost skeletons in the larger of the two mass graves, at the north-east side of the site. The person at the centre was laid on his right side on top of another individual. Credit Richard Annis/Durham University

Remains found at Durham University shed new light on Oliver Cromwell's victory at the Battle of Dunbar.

Femme fatale: Wenceslaus Hollar's 'Winter', 1643.

A protest against the English Civil War ends in tragedy.

The Pourtraiture of His Royal Highness, Oliver, 1659.

The attraction of the Cromwell Association lies in the lack of reverence it attaches to its subject.

Accounts of the second siege of the royalist stronghold in Dorset during England’s Civil Wars have romanticised the role of its aristocratic owner. But was Mary, Lady Bankes even there? Patrick Little investigates.

Henry Ireton

The arguments that took place in the village of Putney among the officers and soldiers of the New Model Army revealed fundamental divisions within the parliamentary forces.

This is the caption

On the Restoration, Charles II pardoned the many supporters of Cromwell’s Protectorate, with the exception of those directly involved in the execution of his father. These men now found their lives to be at great risk and several fled the country, as Charles Spencer explains.