Napoleon

Compositeur fantastique: Hector Berlioz, by Pierre Petit, c.1860.

The power and perils of reconstructing the music of Napoleon's time.

Napoleon Bonaparte as emperor, by François Baron Gérard, c.1805.

How Napoleon bestrode Europe, playing a deadly serious ‘game of thrones’.

Portrait of Beethoven by Joseph Karl Stieler, 1820

The French emperor was a hero to the composer, inspiring a revolutionary symphony. But disillusionment was soon to follow.

Napoleon Bonaparte Before the Sphinx, (ca. 1868) by Jean-Léon Gérôme,

In April 2002, Robert Knecht wrote an article about his quest to find Napoleonic treasure. Now, suspecting the letter which prompted it might be a hoax, he revisits the evidence.

Napoleon, 1792, as Lieutenant Colonel of the 1st Battalion of Corsica by Felix Philippoteaux, 1834.

How far did Napoleon’s Corsican childhood and his father’s role in the island’s brief period of autonomy influence his later life?

The Battle of Trafalgar, 21 October 1805, J.M.W. Turner, 1823-4

Though attention this year has been focused on the bicentenary of the Battle of Waterloo, the decisive blows that defeated Napoleon were landed at sea, says James Davey. 

Bonaparte, First Consul, by Ingres

Andrew Roberts is both entertained and stimulated by Felix Markham’s 1963 article on Napoleon, which made judicious use of what correspondence was then available. 

With his own elaborate imperial court, with his family ensconced on thrones across the continent, and with his overthrow of several historic republics, Napoleon brought Europe to a pinnacle of monarchism.

J.M. Thompson profiles Napoleon's revolutionary younger brother, who often clashed with the French leader.

The whole of Stendhal’s youth was spent under the aegis of Napoleon, and Napoleonic legend played an increasing part in his later writings.