Ludwig and Alfred Mond

The Monds were significant figures not only as the architects of a great modern industry but as representatives of a phase of industrial development that nowadays belongs to the past. Here Dr. W.H. Chaloner traces the rise of these determined individualists.

The lives of Ludwig and Alfred mond span the period between the “golden age” of early Victorian prosperity, when British economic power was predominant in the world, and the great depression of 1929-33, after which the free economy that had helped the Monds to riches began to be transformed into the controlled economy of the present. The careers of both men possess a certain paradoxical quality. Although Ludwig Mond made his fortune from industrial chemistry, none of his many benefactions was given to promote the teaching of applied science. He believed that fruitful scientific discovery could be prompted only by a training in pure science. Paradox is also evident in his younger son’s career.

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