Crisis-ridden Pakistan is a very different country from the one envisioned by its founder, Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
When India and Pakistan gained independence from Britain in 1947, the region’s Princely States – including tiny Sikkim – became pawns in South Asia’s great power politics, as Andrew Duff explains.
Victory over the tribesmen on the North-west frontier of British India, writes James Lunt, is still commemorated by Sikh regiments.
Lucy Chester examines the processes by which the Indo-Pakistan border was drawn, dividing a single country into two.
Vernon Hewitt on one of the bitterest legacies of partition.
Francis Robinson considers what the Muslims wanted - and what they got - out of the decision to divide the subcontinent on religious lines.
M. Naeem Qureshi on a remnant of empire which has moved beyond being a mere repository of the Raj.
Jean Alphonse Bernard considers the two key provinces and how they became touchstones and then powderkegs in the nationalist aspirations of both sides.