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Lenin's Journey

Lenin’s return to Russia by German agency in April 1917, writes David Woodward, was one of the turning points in 20th-century history.

Lenin with Swedish socialists Ture Nerman and Carl Lindhagen in Stockholm, March 1917The journey by Lenin and his friends in a sealed train across Germany in April 1917, was one of the turning points in 20th-century history. It was Lenin’s return to his native land at this crucial moment that gave the Russian revolution its shape. But for his journey events would certainly have taken a very different course.

The circumstances surrounding the idea and execution of this journey are still not entirely clear, but much has become known since the archives of the German Foreign Office and the Supreme Command of the German army fell into the hands of the Allies in the last days of the second World War.

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