Volume 66 Issue 1 January 2016

An uncanny ability to mould public desire made Edward Bernays one of the 20th century’s most influential – yet invisible – characters.

The founder of the Quakers died on January 13th 1691.

The 'father of the symphony' came to London on January 1st, 1791.

Men’s awkwardness when talking about their bodies, especially sexual health, has changed little since the 17th century. Jennifer Evans looks into the private worries of men and their doctors.

A photograph of a released political prisoner prompts Roger Hudson to survey Ghana’s postcolonial history. 

‘Shell shock’ is associated in particular with the First World War. Stuart M. Archer recounts the often brutal treatment meted out to sufferers of the condition and looks at how use of the term fell into disrepute. 

The defeat of ISIS can only be achieved if we take a long view and question the Jihadists’ simplistic interpretation of the West’s troubled relationship with the Middle East.    

Enlightenment ideas have always faced resistance, but they continue to be relevant and are vital to our understanding of the modern world.

So bloody was Francis I’s defeat of the Swiss at the Battle of Marignano in 1515 that it made previous battles resemble ‘children’s games’. Robert J. Knecht traces the French king’s route across the Alps towards war in Italy.

Since their arrival in Britain around 500 years ago, Gypsies have created a rich tapestry of romantic folklore. Yet, argues Jeremy Harte, this aspect of their past has been almost completely ignored by academic historians.

The Scientific Revolution put an end to beliefs that were once considered rational but now seem bizarre. If we want to understand why, we need to look at the increasing importance of the ‘fact’, says David Wootton.

Keith Laybourn traces the emergence of the Labour Party, its highs and lows and wonders if its forward march is now halted.

When India and Pakistan gained independence from Britain in 1947, the region’s Princely States – including tiny Sikkim – became pawns in South Asia’s great power politics, as Andrew Duff explains.

The site of the concentration camp near Berlin remains little known.

French innovations in style and design revolutionsed our concept of the car.