Volume 51 Issue 11 November 2001

The queen gave her last speech to Parliament on November 30th, 1601.

The first Christian missionary to the country, Francis Xavier, departed from Japan on November 21st, 1551, having made perhaps some 2,000 converts.

Kate Greenaway, 'the uncrowned queen of the golden age of children's book illustration', died of cancer, aged fifty-four, on November 6th, 1901.

The queen gave her last speech to Parliament on November 30th, 1601.

The first Christian missionary to the country, Francis Xavier, departed from Japan on November 21st, 1551, having made perhaps some 2,000 converts.

Kate Greenaway, 'the uncrowned queen of the golden age of children's book illustration', died of cancer, aged fifty-four, on November 6th, 1901.

In the second article in the Picturing History series, Sander Gilman reflects on images of the First World War and the photographs of Alan Cohen.

Jason Edwards takes a fresh look at attitudes to the nude in Victorian art, to coincide with Tate Britain's major exhibition on the subject opening this month.

Tom Griffiths continues our series on History and the Environment, travelling into the longue durée of the Australian past.

Richard Overy argues that the lesson Hitler Drew from 1914-18 was not that a major war should be avoided, but that Germany should prepare more systematically so that, next time, she would win.

Isabel de Madariaga looks at the personality and achievement of the controversial Empress of Russia.

Christopher Haigh reflects on the life and work of the great Tudor historian, who died in July.

Paul Preston looks at the continued interest in the 1930s conflict, the subject of a new exhibition at the Imperial War Museum.

David Hockney explains how a question about some Ingres drawings led to a whole new theory of Western Art

Martin Roberts regrets lost opportunities in the recent reform of A-level syllabuses

Richard Wilkinson considers the character and standing of the much-despised Nazi Foreign Minister.

John Beckett investigates the thorny, and sometimes illogical, issue of what makes a City.

Mark Goldie reveals some vivid insights into London life before and during the Glorious Revolution, from a little-known contemporary of Pepys.

Martyn Housden tries to unravel what Hitler really meant when he talked about living space for the German people.

Paul Brassley puts MAFF's policy towards Foot and Mouth Disease into historical perspective.