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Volume 49 Issue 7 July 1999

Richard Cavendish describes the maiden flight of the world's first jet-propelled airliner, on July 27th 1949.

Alexander II died on July 8th, 1249, aged fifty. His reign was often later remembered in Scotland as a golden age.

Alexander II died on July 8th, 1249, aged fifty. His reign was often later remembered in Scotland as a golden age.

Richard Cavendish describes the maiden flight of the world's first jet-propelled airliner, on July 27th 1949.

Thomas G. Dyer discovers the secret diary of a Unionist in the heart of the Confederacy who saw the American Civil War at uncomfortably close quarters.

A.D. Harvey looks back a hundred years to the birth of modern local government in London - the launch-pad for many national political careers.

Denise Silvester-Carr looks at Art Deco places of interest in Britain.

Gloria Cigman looks at the Bible as an illustrated story book in medieval France.

Dave Wright and Nicholas Hill explain the failure of Britain’s post-war attempts to join the space race.

Daniel Snowman meets a polymath who has rejected the label ‘historian’ to become a guru with interests ranging from the passions of the French to the New Age of conversation.

Mark Mazower looks back to the much maligned Versailles Treaty and finds we still live in the continent it created.

Adrian Mourby looks at the long line of history operas inspired by the works of the German romantic poet Friedrich Schiller and finds Hollywood is still inspired by Schiller’s style.

Obituary of David Englander from the Open University.

Historical documentary film-maker Martin Smith tells how his early exposure to Government lies led to jail and a lifelong commitment to historic truth.

John Haywood describes the final battles of the First Crusade in July 1099.

Valery Rees looks at the Florentine scholar Marsilio Ficino and finds a man whose work still speaks to us today.