Volume 40 Issue 3 March 1990

'The greatest Instances of publick Spirit the Age has produced', but confessional strife between Anglicans and Nonconformists, as well as the bitter battles of Whigs and Tories, was the stimulus for an educational programme for the poor. Craig Rose investigates.

When money for Oswald Mosley's British Union of Fascists began to dry up in the late 1930s, he turned to novel schemes for fund-raising. James and Patience Barnes recount the intriguing story.

Michael Leech discusses the paper tigers and fragile history of Princeton University's collection.

Damien Gregory explores jerry-building at Hampton Court

Juan Cole looks at the pacifist, prophetic and millenarian 'world religion' whose leader emerged from the social and political unrest of 19th-century Iran and whose followers have since been persecuted by shah and ayatollah alike.

Sentiment, profit and commercial laissez-faire bound the merchants of England's busiest port ever closer to the rebel confederacy across the Atlantic after 1861. John D. Pelzer explains how and why.

C.C. Aronsfeld on Jewish exodus and persecution, 800 years after the massacre in York

Paul Cartledge reconstructs the prison and execution-site of Socrates

Nicholas Russell on environment lessons from development history