Gandhi, Non-Violence and Indian Independence

Benjamin Zachariah helps to debunk the romantic 'Legend of the Mahatma'.

Front page of The Times of India on 15 August 1947, carrying news reports on the first Independence Day.Mohandas Gandhi’s reputation as the Indian spiritual and political leader who coordinated and led a successful national struggle for independence against British imperial rule on the strength of a non-violent movement survives largely intact. The legend of Mahatma Gandhi has it that he returned to India from South Africa in 1915, took control of and radically transformed the Indian nationalist movement, and led three great popular movements that eventually wore down the British government and led to Indian independence.

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