Bucer, Melanchthon and Zwingli: Erasmus's Protestants

Michael Mullett shows that key Protestant reformers were influenced by Erasmus's Christian Humanism, as well as by Luther's theology.

Portraits of Martin Luther and Philip Melanchthon, by Lukas Cranach. Melanchthon is generally considered the faithful servant of Luther, but he also derived his ideas from Erasmus.The three figures who make up the subject of this article, the Protestant reformer of the German city of Strassburg, Martin Bucer, Martin Luther’s aide Philipp Melanchthon and the reformer of the Swiss city of Zürich, Huldrych Zwingli, are to be considered from the point of view of their common intellectual provenance. In the background was the cultural phenomenon we know as Renaissance humanism, which included a passion for the literature of ancient Greece and Rome.

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