The Austro-Prussian War

Robert Pearce examines the factors that led to Prussia's victory in the German civil war of 1866.

Battle of Königgrätz, by Georg Bleibtreu. Oil on canvas, 1869.‘One blood demands one reich,’ proclaimed Adolf Hitler on the first page of Mein Kampf. The result, in May 1938, was the German invasion of Austria, the so-called Anschluss. Yet one of his predecessors as Chancellor, Otto von Bismarck, had made war in order to exclude Austria from a unified Germany. Clearly the two figures were nationalists of a very different type.

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