Alexander III of Russia

The calm and stability of the Tsar in 1881 meant no new dawn for Russia, but an era of Counter-Reform, writes W. Bruce Lincoln.

Tsar Alexander III of Russia. Photograph by Sergey Levitsky

‘The nightmare that weighed over Russia for so many years had at last been lifted....

An overwhelming weight had fallen from our shoulders. Reaction was at an end. The dawn of the New Russia was at hand.’

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