Philip I Crowned King of France
Philip won the support of many of the French bishops, but he got a bad press from the ecclesiastical chroniclers of the day. In constant need of money, he sold church offices openly to the highest bidder. He also put aside his first wife, Bertha, who had given him a son and successor, the future Louis VI, and from 1092 he lived with Bertrada de Montfort, wife of Count Fulk of Anjou. A French bishop married them, but some contemporaries thought their union incestuous as well as bigamous. There was nothing very unusual about it at the time, but Pope Urban II excommunicated Philip in 1095 and the anathema was renewed by his successor Paschal II.
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