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Medieval (4th-15thC)

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EDITOR'S CHOICE

Michael Antonucci discerns Byzantine origins in today's international power politics.

Lucy Inglis admires Nicholas Orme’s article on medieval childhood, first published in History Today in 2001.

Volume: 63 Issue: 1 2013

Inspired by his upbringing at the English court, Hákon I – nicknamed ‘Athelstan’s foster-son’ – strove to make Norway more like his mentor’s realm, a well-organised Christian kingdom. His reforms were to have a lasting impact, explains Synnøve Veinan Hellerud.

Volume: 63 Issue: 1 2013

Stephen Cooper argues that we should resist using ‘medieval’ as another word for backward. The 15th century, in particular, was a time of remarkable progress and enlightenment.

Volume: 63 Issue: 5 2013

Pilgrims were a lucrative source of income for the Church and miracles did not come free. Adrian Bell and Richard Dale discover some striking parallels with modern marketing tactics in the management of shrines in the Middle Ages.

Volume: 63 Issue: 1 2013

The medieval holy man was killed by the Danes on April 19th, 1012.

Volume: 62 Issue: 4 2012

The great English king was born on November 13th, 1312.

Volume: 62 Issue: 11 2012

Ivan became Grand Prince on March 27th 1462, following the death of his father.

Volume: 62 Issue: 3 2012

The Maid of Orléans was born on January 6th 1412: she has been an incarnation of French national identity and pride for six centuries.

Volume: 62 Issue: 1 2012

Otto I was crowned Emperor of the Romans by Pope John XII on February 2nd 962.

Volume: 62 Issue: 2 2012

When Richard II succeeded his grandfather, Edward III, he turned to alchemy to create a more pious ideal of kingship. Though his reign ended in failure, it left us one of medieval England’s most enduring and complex images. Jonathan Hughes explores its symbolism.

Volume: 62 Issue: 12 2012

Sir Gawain and the Green Knight is a masterpiece of Middle English literature, which narrowly escaped destruction in the 18th century. Nicholas Mee examines the poem to discover both its secret benefactor and the location in which its drama unfolds.

Volume: 62 Issue: 1 2012

In the Middle Ages, with the re-emergence of Salic Law, it became impossible for women to succeed to the throne in most European kingdoms. Yet between 1274 and 1512 five queens ruled the Pyrenean kingdom of Navarre, as Elena Woodacre tells their stories.

Volume: 62 Issue: 6 2012

Richard Almond has trawled medieval and Renaissance sources for insights about ladies’ riding habits in the Middle Ages and what they reveal about a woman’s place in that society.

Volume: 62 Issue: 2 2012

During the seventh century the Arabs invaded North Africa three times, bringing not just a new religion but a language and customs that were alien to the native Berber tribes of the Sahara and Mediterranean hinterland. Eamonn Gearon looks at the rise of the first Islamic empire.

Volume: 61 Issue: 6 2011

The quest for spiritual virtue through personal austerity drove many Eastern Christians to lead solitary lives as hermits surviving in the wilderness. Andrew Jotischky describes how indifference to food became an integral part of the monastic ideal in the Byzantine era, one revived in the West in the 11th and 12th centuries.

Volume: 61 Issue: 4 2011

Richard Cavendish remembers the assassination of Caliph Ali, on January 24th, 661.

Volume: 61 Issue: 1 2011

Medieval knights were the sporting superstars and military heroes of their day, who performed before an adoring public in the tournament. Nigel Saul explains their appeal.

Volume: 61 Issue: 6 2011

Though it is immersed in the theological ideas of the Middle Ages, the cosmology of Dante’s Divine Comedy is sophisticated, sceptical and tolerant, argues James Burge.

Volume: 61 Issue: 3 2011

Clovis I died in Paris on November 27th 511, aged 46.

Volume: 61 Issue: 11 2011

Richard Cavendish describes Edward the Confessor's canonisation, on January 5th, 1161.

Volume: 61 Issue: 1 2011

In a reign of just 15 years Æthelstan united the English for the first time. Yet many of the facts about him remain elusive. Sarah Foot describes the challenges of writing his biography.

Volume: 61 Issue: 9 2011

Few English monarchs have such a poor reputation as Henry VI. Yet he was held in high regard by the Tudors, says Michael Hicks, despite losing the Wars of the Roses.

Volume: 61 Issue: 1 2011

Outremer, the crusader kingdom, and its capital Jerusalem entered a golden age during the 1130s. Simon Sebag Montefiore portrays its extraordinary cast of kings, queens, conquerors and criminals.

Volume: 61 Issue: 1 2011

Richard Cavendish provides an overview of the life of the French monarch who was nicknamed 'the Universal Spider'.

Volume: 61 Issue: 7 2011

Ian Bradley on the precarious past of a pure Worcestershire water.

Volume: 61 Issue: 1 2011

Courtly love, celebrated in numerous songs and poems, was the romantic ideal of western Europe in the Middle Ages. Yet, human nature being what it is, the realities of sexual desire and the complications it brings were never far away, says Julie Peakman.

Volume: 61 Issue: 8 2011

Richard Almond describes how some rare wall paintings help shed light on medieval hunting.

Volume: 61 Issue: 4 2011

A sea voyage in the 12th century was a perilous undertaking, as a Spanish Muslim courtier’s account of his crossing of the Mediterranean demonstrates. Yet, explains David Abulafia, it was also a test of one’s religious devotion, whether Muslim or Christian.

Volume: 61 Issue: 8 2011

Though their appeal seems bizarre to the modern mind, relics and reliquaries reflected an entirely logical system of belief bound up in the medieval worldview, explains James Robinson, curator of a new exhibition at the British Museum.

Volume: 61 Issue: 7 2011

Chris Wickham revisits an article by J.B.Morrall, first published in History Today in 1959, on the strange, shortlived emperor who in the tenth century sought to rule the lands we now call Germany and Italy.

Volume: 61 Issue: 2 2011

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