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Van Diemen's Land

Modern Tasmania, an island state of Australia. Settled by Aborigines 35,000 years ago, in 1642 it was discovered by Abel Tasman who named it after the governor of Batavia. It was a British penal settlement from 1803 to 1835. Most of the islands aborigines were exterminated by Europeans. Officially named Tasmania in 1856, it became an Australian state in 1901.

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