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Slavery (ancient world)

Slavery, the ownership of one individual by another, was known throughout the ancient world, but Greece and Rome in particular depended heavily on slave labor. In Greece the subjection of the slave served to emphasize the freedom of the citizen. Slaves were used as domestic servants, on farms, in manufacturing and in mines, and their treatment ranged from the benign to the brutal. In Rome slaves were often seized as war booty, though a flourishing slave trade was also in existence. In contrast to Greece, Roman slaves could be given their freedom, and many 'freedmen' prospered. Slavery was as prevalent in late antiquity as it had been earlier, and Christianity had no impact.


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