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Sevres, Treaty of

Peace treaty between the Allies and the Ottoman empire after World War I. Turkey lost Adrianople (Edirne), Eastern Thrace and Smyrna (Izmir) to Greece, and Rhodes and the Dodecanese to Italy. Syria was made a League of Nations French mandate, and Iraq, Palestine and Transjordan were mandated by Britain. The treaty was never ratified. The Turkish leader Kemal Ataturk won back Smyrna and Adrianople and negotiated the more lenient Treaty of Lausanne (1923).

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