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Samarran culture

Late Neolithic culture of central Mesopotamia, characterized by distinctive painted pottery styles with animal and human figures. Dating from about 6000 to 5500 BC, the Samarran culture follows the Hassuna culture and marks the extension of agricultural societies southwards. Samarran communities lived in large villages and developed large-scale irrigation systems (e.g. at Choga Mami), increasing their crop yields and allowing for the settlement of the Mesopotamian plains.

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