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Proto-historic inhabitants of southern Italy who are difficult to identify with historically documented groups. The language of the same name - Oscan - was spoken by various Italian groups (notably the Samnites, Frentani, Lucani, Bruttii and Apuli). Oscan is an Indo-European Italic language that was widely used until the 1st century BC; it then survived in some local dialects into the imperial period. Many Oscan inscriptions survive, most dating from 300 to 90 BC.

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