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Lee, Robert E.

(1807–70) Confederate general in the American Civil War. Trained as a military engineer, he served in the Mexican-American War and captured John Brown at Harper’s Ferry. He resigned from the Union army when Virginia seceded. He fought at Second Bull Run, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville and Gettysburg. For the sake of his war-weary troops, he surrendered at Appomattox in 1865. He was paroled after the war. Though most of his battles ended in defeat, he is revered as one of America’s great generals.

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