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Indian Mutiny

(1857-58, also known as the First National War of Independence or the Sepoy Mutiny) An uprising against British rule in India. It began in January 1857 with sepoys (Indian soldiers under British command) in Calcutta who refused on religious grounds to use cartridges they believed to be greased with animal fat. Major sepoy resistance broke out at Meerut in May and the mutiny spread across Oudh and central and northern India. The Madras army and most Bombay units remained loyal. There was some civilian involvement and attempts by Muslims to initiate a jihad. The East India Company closed down and Queen Victoria appointed a viceroy, promising equal opportunity to Indians wishing to hold office in the Indian civil service.

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