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Homo sapiens sapiens

Anatomically modern man, a regional human adaptation that evolved in Africa about 150,000-100,000 ya, with enhanced cognitive and linguistic capabilities, increasingly complex technologies and social institutions, and new forms of cultural expression in art and ritual. The adaptational success of modern humans, with developed Upper Paleolithic tool-kits, led to population growth and rapid global colonization, spreading from Africa to east Asia by about 75,000 ya, to Europe by about 40,000 ya, and to the Americas by about 15,000 ya, replacing existing human groups (Homo sapiens variants). All humans today are descendants of Homo sapiens sapiens from Africa.

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