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Arab Revolt

Arab rebellion against Ottoman rule during World War I led by Sherif Husayn, emir of Hejaz, and his son Feisal. It achieved little until the capture of the Red Sea port of Aqaba in 1917 by T. E. Lawrence (Lawrence of Arabia) and Feisal. In 1918 Arab attacks on the Hejaz railway isolated the Turkish garrison at Medina and benefited the British during the Battle of Megiddo and the advance on Damascus. The Arabs believed the British had promised a united Arab nation and were disillusioned by the Balfour Declaration and the division of the Middle East into British and French spheres.

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