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By Derek Lawrence

The first Victorian naval ships were much the same as Nelson’s Victory; by the end of the century, writes Derek Lawrence, armour, fire-power and methods of propulsion had totally changed.

‘Valour and virtue have not perished in the British race’, said Winston Churchill fifty years ago, describing the long record of the national life-boat service. By Patrick Howarth.

N. Merrill Distad describes how a merchant returned to London from his travels in Russia and the East to become a notable eighteenth-century philanthropist.

The presence of these two ships in the Mediterranean at the opening of the First World War gave the Germans a dangerous advantage. Their escape to the Dardanelles, writes David Woodward, had a manifold influence on Allied strategy.

The second phase of the Battle of Jutland was dominated by Jellicoe's resolve to renew the action and Scheer’s determined and successful efforts to escape. By Geoffrey Bennett.

The first news of the Battle of Jutland in 1916 startled the British public, who had looked forward to an emphatic victory at sea. Geoffrey Bennett asks, what exactly happened in the course of this momentous and controversial engagement?

In the wars with France from 1745 to 1815, writes Richard C. Saxby, the French naval base was blockaded from English Channel ports miles to its leeward.

Christopher Hibbert describes how the people of Malta revolted against their Napoleonic garrison and, with British and Neapolitan aid, became a British Mediterranean dependency.

At the close of the First World War, writes David WoodwardGerman Sailors were the forerunners of general revolt against the imperial system.

Richard Freeman asks whether public hysteria in wartime Britain helped fend off an attack, while public apathy in America help to precipitate one.

The month before Trafalgar, the Duke and the Admiral had a singular encounter.

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