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Eastern Europe

In November 1918, writes Elizabeth Wiskemann, the first Czechoslovak Republic was founded.

Cecil Parrott describes how the elderly monarch from A Christmas Carol was based on the character of a young and vigorous sovereign, assassinated on his birthday by his own brother.

Joanna Richardson describes how, during the 1830s, the world of Bohemia offered a warm and fruitful climate to artists and writers.

Michael Grant tells how, some 1000 years ago, the “Scourge of God” died on his wedding night.

Terence O’Brien recounts how some women served with their husbands in the Crimean War as cooks, laundresses and nurses to the Regiment.

Between the years 1300 and 600 B.C. the virile kingdom of Ararat rose to be a large empire, M. Chahin writes, which long held the Assyrians at bay.

From 1800, when Russia annexed Georgia, Russian writers reacted to the country much as British ones did to India: it was exotic, eastern and...

An orchestral performance in June 1939 demonstrates why the Czech Republic has a moral standing that few other nations possess, says Paul Lay.

Paul Lay pays tribute to the playwright, dissident and former Czech president, who has died aged 75.

Josip Broz Tito died on May 4th, 1980. In this article from our 1980 archive, Basil Davidson reassesses the legacy of the Yugoslavian president and soldier.

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