Volume 66 Issue 1 January 2016

The founder of the Quakers died on January 13th 1691.

The 'father of the symphony' came to London on January 1st, 1791.

Men’s awkwardness when talking about their bodies, especially sexual health, has changed little since the 17th century. Jennifer Evans looks into the private worries of men and their doctors.

A photograph of a released political prisoner prompts Roger Hudson to survey Ghana’s postcolonial history. 

The defeat of ISIS can only be achieved if we take a long view and question the Jihadists’ simplistic interpretation of the West’s troubled relationship with the Middle East.    

Enlightenment ideas have always faced resistance, but they continue to be relevant and are vital to our understanding of the modern world.

The Scientific Revolution put an end to beliefs that were once considered rational but now seem bizarre. If we want to understand why, we need to look at the increasing importance of the ‘fact’, says David Wootton.

Keith Laybourn traces the emergence of the Labour Party, its highs and lows and wonders if its forward march is now halted.

‘Shell shock’ is associated in particular with the First World War. Stuart M. Archer recounts the often brutal treatment meted out to sufferers of the condition and looks at how use of the term fell into disrepute. 

Edward L. Bernays’ ability to mould public desire made him one of the 20th century’s most influential – yet invisible – characters, as Iris Mostegel reveals.

So bloody was Francis I’s defeat of the Swiss at the Battle of Marignano in 1515 that it made previous battles resemble ‘children’s games’. Robert J. Knecht traces the French king’s route across the Alps towards war in Italy.

Since their arrival in Britain around 500 years ago, Gypsies have created a rich tapestry of romantic folklore. Yet, argues Jeremy Harte, this aspect of their past has been almost completely ignored by academic historians.

When India and Pakistan gained independence from Britain in 1947, the region’s Princely States – including tiny Sikkim – became pawns in South Asia’s great power politics, as Andrew Duff explains.

The site of the concentration camp near Berlin remains little known.

French innovations in style and design revolutionsed our concept of the car.

PARIS! OUTRAGED PARIS!
Broken Paris! Martyred Paris, but liberated Paris, Liberated by the people of Paris with help
...

In 1902 the Reverend Henry Smith went to Aurangabad in the princely state of Hyderabad on behalf of the Church Missionary Society of Birmingham...

The Mediterranean, as a world in itself or as a gateway to other worlds, old and new, has been much studied. For the period covered by the book...

Why are ruins so attractive? Vandals destroy beautiful buildings, yet aesthetes haunt the remains with sighs of pleasure.  In the 18th century...

‘France’, said Charles de Gaulle, ‘cannot be France without grandeur.’ The country’s recent history suggests the great man was nearer the mark...

Historical reputations rise and fall, but King John has had more of a rollercoaster ride than most across the centuries. Reviled in his own day...

In 1946 the International Military Tribunal for the Far East opened.  Known as the Tokyo Trial, it sentenced to death or prison the top Japanese...

The Ural mountains stretch for 2,500km from the Arctic ocean to the edges of the central Asian steppe and form the traditional border between...