Volume 65 Issue 7 July 2015

Henry Stewart wed Mary on July 29th 1565.

A key figure in the First Crusade died on July 8th, 1115. 

E.R. Truitt revisits John Cohen’s 1963 article on the history of automata and the quest to recreate humanity.

Armen T. Marsoobian explores the complex history of one of the 20th-century’s worst and most neglected crimes against humanity.

A notorious mass murderer was sentenced to death on July 1st 1915.

Gary Sheffield casts his eye over the latest publications.

There was no period in the past when people did not try to manipulate nature in order to provide a more varied and nutritious diet, argues Annie Gray. We will need similarly ingenious methods in the future.

The archetypal image of the Weimar Republic is one of political instability, economic crisis and debauched hedonism. Colin Storer challenges the clichéd view of the Republic as a tragic failed state.

Evolution and religion went head-to-head in a landmark case of 1925.

Just half a century on from Magna Carta, a radical noble, part idealist, part megalomaniac, came into conflict with King John’s son, Henry III. The result, argues Nigel Saul, was a form of assembly which shapes English political life to this day.

Graham E. Seel explores the life of the artist Charles Sims and his controversial, little-known mural in St Stephen’s Hall, Westminster depicting King John at Runnymede. 

A multiracial community of activists began organising public meetings and rallies in the 1930s, paving the way for the Pan-African Congress of 1945, writes Daniel Whittall.

In no country is Magna Carta held in greater reverence than in the United States. Alexander Lock examines its crucial role in the founding of the republic’s political and legal system and looks at the Charter’s transatlantic transition.

Magna Carta was born of the loss of King John’s French territories and his increasingly desperate – and expensive – attempts to regain them, argues Sean McGlynn.

The carnage at Texel has been largely forgotten.

Homelessness was an acute problem in the 19th-century city.

Confronting the brutal facts of history can be difficult. But how far should we protect ourselves from them before it becomes censorship? 

Our fascination with pirates and the search for buried treasure continues to make headlines.

Harry Truman’s unexpected victory in the presidential election of 1948 was immortalised by the premature headline printed in the Chicago...

The records of Geoffrey Chaucer's official activities for the court are plentiful but they reveal nothing about his career as a writer. Worse,...

In this volume, Rolf-Dieter Müller, former director of research at the German Military History Research Office, sets out to undermine what he...

Ukraine stood at the very heart of Hitler's perverted vision for Eastern Europe; the centrepiece of the Nazi Lebensraum project and an economic...

This accessible and well-written synthesis offers grim details of punishments prescribed for various 'crimes' across the globe over more than 2,...

Flattened out, Bhutan's landmass might stretch across as much as half of her southern neighbour, India. But Bhutan is a small, remote and...

This tour de force stunningly reconceives the American Civil War. It shows how European public opinion impelled the North to free slaves; how...

'It is up to you to save the world', said Tsar Alexander to the Duke of Wellington as he left the Congress of Vienna to take charge of the allied...