Volume 59 Issue 4 April 2009

White South Africans who fought in the long ‘Border War’ to maintain apartheid now find themselves in a country run by their former enemies. Gary Baines examines their continuing struggle to come to terms with the conflict and their efforts to have their voices heard.

As Europe polarised between Right and Left in the 1930s, many artists and authors nailed their reputations to either extreme. Others, says Nigel Jones, took refuge in the ‘inner emigration’ of silence. Even in stable Britain, writers felt compelled to take a stand – often in the service of the secret state.

In the first millennium, Christianity spread east from Palestine to Iraq, and on to India and China, becoming a global religion accepting of, and accepted by, other faiths. But with the Mongol invasions of the 13th century, Christianity’s eastern journey came to an end. Philip Jenkins recovers this lost history.

St George only gained popularity in England in the 15th century and Richard the Lionheart had nothing to do with it, writes Marc Morris.

On April 27th, 1509, the Pope attempted to restrict the power of Venice.

Richard Cavendish marks the anniversary of a violent post-First World War event in India, on April 13th, 1919.

Richard Cavendish looks back at the life of a most pious Christian saint, who died on April 21st, 1109.

As a new exhibition on the Baroque opens at the Victoria and Albert Museum, Joanna Norman looks at this age of magnificence.

Tristram Hunt describes how Friedrich Engels financed the research behind his friend Karl Marx’s epic critique of the free market, Das Kapital.

Spurred into action by the false presumptions of Thomas Carlyle, the antiquarian Edward FitzGerald sought to piece together the momentous events of June 14th, 1645, reports Martin Marix Evans.

Patricia Fara recounts the moving story of a gifted contemporary of Isaac Newton who came to symbolise the frustrations of generations of female scientists denied the chance to fulfil their talents.

André Gill fearlessly lampooned the French rulers of his day in a series of masterly caricatures that would later inspire the creators of Spitting Image and many others. Mark Bryant examines his work.

As springtime arrives in Japan, Matthew Knott looks at the history of the country’s love affair with the cherry blossom.

Editor Paul Lay introduces the April 2009 issue of History Today magazine.

Suzannah Lipscomb looks beyond the stereotypes that surround our most infamous monarch to ask: who was Henry VIII and when did it all go wrong? 

There have been other books on this subject in recent years but none,...

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