Volume 55 Issue 7 July 2005

Richard Cavendish describes how Major-General Edward Braddock arrived in Virginia to take command against the French in North America, but was defeated on July 9th, 1755.

History Today readers select the greatest political cartoon of all time.

The twentieth anniversary this month of the 1985 Durham Miner’s Gala, the first to be held after the end of the miners’ strike of 1984-85, will be a time for reflection and pride. Hester Barron considers the history and social meaning of the Durham miners’ annual day out.

Christopher Woodward considers the continuing power exerted by Napoleon on the French and British during his exile on St Helena up till, and beyond, his death.

The journey that led N.A.M. Rodger from a schoolboy passion for warships to his becoming the historian of the British Navy took some unexpected turns. He regrets none of them.

Graham Gendall Norton travels in search of those who fought for the rights of all.

Daniel Snowman meets the historian of Poland, Europe and ‘The Isles’.

Maxine Berg looks at the commercial battle to dominate Europe that ran alongside the wars with France, and the product revolution that gave Britain the edge in this field.

Mark Roodhouse finds a dark secret in one of the champions of the 1945 Labour landslide.

Ruth Ellis was the last woman hanged for murder in Britain. She was executed on 13 July, 1955.

Colin White uncovers a more complex and liberal side to Nelson than was previously appreciated.

David Prior of the Parliamentary Archives explains why we should be thinking about the Gunpowder Plot unseasonably early, this year.

‘A damnable and hellish plot’ orchestrated by a ‘shame to mankind’. 

Laurent Joffrin looks at the paradoxes surrounding a man who has fascinated the French for two hundred years.

Claire Warrior, of the National Maritime Museum, previews the themes of the exhibition opening on July 7th.

David Welch looks at the way that public art was used in both France and Britain to celebrate Napoleon and Nelson as national heroes, during their lifetimes and after.

Peter Furtado introduces a history-lovers’ festival with a difference.