Volume 35 Issue 9 September 1985
The accession of Henry Tudor to the throne of England in 1485, the Crown had been fought over by the great magnates. When Elizabeth I died 118 years later, the Crown was master over them via the Court with the gentry its willing accomplices. Penry Williams examines the means by which the Tudors achieved this political dominance.
A rage for Mesmerism gripped society in London at the end of the eighteenth century, as it had in Paris and Vienna. But it was to be short-lived. The excesses of its devotees soon discredited the 'science' in the eyes of the public and it eventually became a vehicle for unbalanced fringes of society.
The case against swaddling developed by Rousseau, Locke and various others of that time concentrated entirely on its bad effects on the infants' physique.
Historians ask what constitutes the history of the developing world.
Paul Preston assesses the growing bibliography of titles on Fascism in our Reading History slot.