Volume 33 Issue 9 September 1983
In 1945, Europe was devastated by the effects of the Second World War. The determination to reconstruct Europe was forged both from the disaster of war and from dreams of the creation of a stabilised and more equitable peace. The following three issues of History Today will look at the problems and achievements of European post- war reconstruction. In this first article, Kurt Düwell explains the West German 'economic miracle'.
Tien Ju-Kang explains how, during the Mongol Yuan dynasty, the government entered into an unlikely and uneasy alliance with Chinese pirates to ensure the supply of grain to the northern capital.
What caused former Englishmen to declare their separate identity as Americans? Ian R. Christie explores the issues underlying British recognition of United States' independence.
Ian Bradley cavils at the growing trend for teaching 'world history'.
The role of the Church in wartime has always been ambiguous. Today, with the question of nuclear weapons to the fore, churchmen are again in conflict over the moral issues involved. With this in mind, Geoffrey Best considers an earlier occasion when the Church found itself in a similar dilemma.
Nancy Lockwood Adler considers the restructuring of the Sicilian town in the wake of the destructive earthquake of 1693.
Geoffrey Warner continues our series on Post-War Reconstruction.
David Starkey on The English Renaissance Miniature.
N.E.R. Fisher surveys the historiographical treatments of these ancient democratic states, in this month's Reading History.
Roy Porter on a Scottish doctor who became the fashionable surgeon of choice in 18th century London.