Who's Who

1994

Alistair Hennessy on the Regency North Wales family whose country seat was built on the profits from the slave plantations of the Caribbean.

A digest of books to coincide with the celebrations

Peter Fowler looks at the varied spiritual and physical landscapes of a twenty-eight-and-a-half acre site in Wiltshire which contains one of the most important megalithic monuments in Europe

Alec Betterton explains how a timber-framed hall opens a window onto the piety and economics of a Suffolk market town in the 1520s.

How easy or safe was it for women who travelled - often alone - in the new American republic? Patricia Cline Cohen charts their progress - and perils - and the way in which public transport helped shape the gender system.

Richard Weight charts how the threat from Hitler galvanised opinion-formers into embracing a past and culture they had previously scorned.

Christy Anderson reviews two new books on architecture

David Garner investigates the work of an archaeological team in their hunt in St Albans.

Nicholas Young looks at how tribalism and the dominance of Hastings Banda has marked Malawi history and future prospects.

What did medieval contemporaries think of military orders such as the Knights Hospitaller and Teutonic Knights? Helen Nicholson investigates.

Panikos Panayi reviews the latest

Patrick O'Brien assess the devastating impact of the 'war to end all wars' on an international economic order that had seemed, pre-1914, relatively sturdy.

Liz Sagues investigates the book, In search of Neanderthals, which was named archaeological book of the year in 1994.

Elizabeth Marvick highlights the similarities of allegation and opposition to two embattled American presidents - Thomas Jefferson and Bill Clinton.

Karl Hack on the links between dams and decolonisation and the ups and downs of Anglo-Malaysian relations.

Richard Cavendish and the leitmotiv of lost innocence at Elgar's birthplace and museum near Worcester.

Two new books on the Tudor dynasty

Louis Crompton argues that male love and military prowess went hand in hand in classical Greece.

Harry Hearder argues that language has been a help rather than a hindrance in Italy's past and present struggle to achieve political and psychological unity.

Peter Higgs looks at how a monumental Hellenistic statue sheds light on culture, religion and identity in Roman North Africa.

Helen Davidson on how mining history is in jeopardy.

Has our image of Henry VIII's elder daughter as 'Bloody Mary', burning Protestants and unhappily married to Philip of Spain, clouded our assessment of how close she came to restoring the old religion? Jennifer Loach offers a provocative reinterpretation.

Christina Walkley looks at how the triumphs and tragedies of pioneer women on the trail West can be traced in their patchwork quilts.

Philip Davies examines how People Power has come to the fore via citizen initiatives in recent American history.

Cecilia O'Leary looks at how national identity was repaired following the fratricidal traumas of the American Civil War.

Our seasonal round-up of the latest history titles from the publishing world catering for the general reader and specialist alike.

Keith Feldman explores the multi period sites in northern Israel dating from the Iron Age to the late Byzantine era.

Warwick Bray reviews a new illustrated edition of a Colonial 'Domesday Book' for the Aztec world.

Obedience, modesty, taciturnity – all hallmarks of the archetypal 'good woman' in colonial New England, But did suffering in silence invert tradition and give the weaker sex a new moral authority in the community? Martha Saxton investigates, in the first piece from a mini series examining women's social experience in the New World.

Tony Aldous investigates the findings of researchers at Southampton University and colleagues at Amsterdam’s University academic centre into the effects of malnutrition of pregnant women on the health of their children in later life.

Cherry Barnett investigates the tiny colony of Macau located west of Hong Kong as Lisbon prepares to relinquish its title as 1994 European city of culture.

Robert Thorne on when, and if, Britain’s modern buildings should be listed as historic.

The latest books on 19th- and 20th-Century Europe

Omer Bartov traces the impact of people's armies from Napoleon to the First World War and beyond.

Home movies for the Museum of the Moving Image

Crime and the 60s at the Open University

Richard Cavendish muses on the 'stuffed' of history in the animal kingdom in Bodmin Moor.

How did Hitler's armies try and persuade the occupied populations of the Soviet Union to live with their new regime? British military historian John Erickson comments on wartime posters unearthed from the Russian archives.

Ann Hills on conflict in trust at Orford Ness

Xinzhong Yao examines the prospects for Christianity in China based on past performance.

Glenn Richardson profiles the French king's relationship with Henry VIII and the cultural PR and diplomacy that went with it.

Richard Shone looks at the foray into portraiture of a leading British artist and reflects on the tensions of painter-patron relations in the cultural climate of 1930s Britain.

Bruce Lenman looks at the colonial resonances of the Magazine Building, Williamsburg.

Andrew Allen looks at one of the bizarre fairground attractions of Georgian England and the fate of its practitioners.

Lesley Beaumont looks at how children's games were not just seen as pastimes but as active stimuli to learning and good citizenship in the world of Plato and Aristotle.

Annette Bingham looks into the archaeological findings of Hong Kong's Bronze Age.

Mark Meigs uncovers a fascinating initiative enacted in France at the end of the First World War designed to turn American soldiers into students empowered with all the virtues of the Progressive era.

Exploration of a new museum opening in Lausanne on the Roman settlement in the area

Simon Schaffer reviews two new books

Frank McDonough looks at two new works on post-war Germany

Helen Davidson on a new search into recovering Charles I's treasure boat.

Were the 'barbarians' who shored up Rome's armies and frontiers the empire's salvation or doom?

Judith Rice on a sixteenth-century sect in the modern world.

Explanation about the myth history of Middle Ages Switzerland.

Richard Cavendish discovers the riches and Diaspora and beyond in the Manchester Jewish museum.

Charles W. Mann assesses two books on finance and banking

Edward Ranson describes how a 17-day political dogfight in New York revealed the faults in American society in the Roaring Twenties.

Ralph Harrington looks at the paranoias that railway travel stirred up as it spread across the 19th century.

Bill Wallace looks at the mixed inheritance of democratic ideas in Mother Russia and beyond as possible auguries for the future of the regimes that have succeeded the Soviet Union.

John Springhall finds 1950s echoes in the current controversy about children and horror videos.

E. Hall looks at the methods used in ancient Greece to court public opinion in the light of the modern media and messages of democratic politics today.

How the Livery companies of London prepare to show they are ready for the millennium

Tim Knox looks at how the explosion of interest in all things Chinese in 18th-century Britain found a centrepiece in the royal gardens of George III.

A tribute to the Blackpool tower which celebrates its 100th birthday this summer.

Nick Crafts looks at political factors in the chequered history of British economic performance since the high noon of mid-Victorian Britain.

Has Britain been de-industrialising since 1945? Robert Millward weighs up the evidence for and against - with some surprising conclusions.

David Armitage looks at the Bank's founder and his contribution to the Financial Revolution that arguably launched Britain on the road to economic pre-eminence.

David Edgerton accentuates the positive in looking at the story of British technology in the 20th century.

Did the British state help the UK's transformation into a position of world industrial dominance? Were 'gentlemen capitalists' or no-nonsense industrialists fawned on or frustrated by government and its agents? Martin Daunton addresses a controversial historical debate.

Ann Hills investigates the findings of the British Waterways Architectural survey.

Theo Barker looks at how Britain innovated and kept ahead of her international competitors before the Great War.

Eric Evans looks at the industrial and economic backdrop to the developments of Britain's Welfare State. 

Dan Wylie looks at the myths and realities of nineteenth century Zulu nationhood and their resonance in the new South Africa today.

Sir Alan Harris recalls the role of the artificial harbours in securing victory in Europe over the Nazis.

Ellen Meiksins Wood analyses democracy's historical progress and tots up the balance sheet for the present day.

Denise Silvester-Carr plays tribute to Tower Bridge as it celebrates its 100th birthday.

Donald Barnes reviews two new works on historical religious figures

Ian Fitzgerald examines the benefits of accessing British History now available on CD-ROM.

Reunion of the June 1944 armada

Diana Webb looks at the miracles and saints populating the basilica of the San Frediano in Lucca.

Frank Nowikowski investigates missing paintings mysteriously found after the Second World War.

We may all know about Nefertiti, but what was life like for the less-famous women of ancient Egypt? Joyce Tyldesley describes the restraints and freedoms operating on daughters of Isis.

Our seasonal round-up of the latest history titles from the publishing world catering for the general reader and specialist alike.

Michael Leech looks into the work going on at archaeological site Hamptonne property in Jersey.

Robert Martin places the great American radical writer in the philosophical and sexual context of his time.

Barry Strauss looks at the contrasts and similarities between the city-states and the 'land of the free'.

Bruce Martin on whether nostalgia or modernism will win out in plans to reshape the centre of Berlin.

Andrew Wilton discusses a picture that shows the great landscape painter in a role removed from his stereotype, and which tells us much about the changing mores and aspirations of 'Middlemarch' England. 

Felix Barker investigates the revival of Lauderdale House.

Fernando Cervantes explores the conversion process from polytheistic human sacrifice to devotion to the Mother Church.

Michael Leech examines the new look for the London transport museum.

Barbara Schreier offers a fascinating insight into how the dress, customs and attitudes of Jewish women escaping pogroms in Eastern Europe altered as part of their assimilation as Americans.

Todd Gray and Mark Stoyle take a look at a map discovered in Plymouth of the sieges of the Civil War.

Paul Hennessy talks of his two unsound heroes in history in the inaugural lecture of the Longman-History Today awards

90th birthday of the eminent History Today contributor

Ronnie Landau looks at the latest charges of genocide over Bosnia and wonders how often history must repeat itself.

Susan Cole looks at how, though formally excluded from the political process, Athena's sisters nevertheless made their mark.

Ian Locke ponders on how careless we have been in the past in the wake of the Matrix-Churchill Iraq supergun affair.

Social and religious studies from the 16th century

Valery Rees surveys the life of the ruler who put 15th-century Hungary on the map, both culturally and geographically, but whose efforts may have put an intolerable strain on the body politic.

David Rooney argues that Chindit commander Orde Wingate has had his Burma campaign unfairly judged by military establishments.

Wild Bill Hicock and wagon trains - familiar images of pioneer spirit, but a more complex and less triumphalist view of how the American frontier moved West is explained by Margaret Walsh.

Richard Ollard looks at the rise and fall of Sherborne Castle.

Catherine Hills examines two books focussing on Britain in the Middle Ages

Heroes or villains? Stewart Russell looks at the Indian after-life of American Civil War generals.

Brent Shaw offers a reassessment of the women martyrs and heroines whose activities on behalf of the faith provoked unsettled admiration from the church fathers.

Ann Hills investigates Romania's rural rescue scheme.

Angela Morgan considers the effects of recent upheavals at the Science Museum.

New books focussing on the working class

François Hartog on how urban living has coincided with the advocacy of popular rule from Plato through to Machiavelli, Rousseau and 20th-century sociologists.

Was Napoleon's escape from his first exile unwittingly aided by his erstwhile opponents from Albion? Katharine MacDonogh weighs up the enigmatic response that certain British citizens showed towards their imperial prisoner.

Were art and religion inevitable victims of war? David Colvin and Richard Hodges discuss the action and the issues it raised - including testimony from a surviving witness from the monastic community.

Richard Pflederer on the technological and cartographical advances of the early modern naval powers of Holland and England

An absurd procession of chivalry or mad mass charges? Analysis of fighting in the Middle Ages has become more subtle than either of these scenarios, argues Sean McGlynn.

War, Culture and Society in Renaissance Venice: Essays in Honour of John Hale

Edited by David Chambers, Cecil Clough and Michael Mallett (The Hambledon Press xxviii + 248 pp.)

Literacy and its Uses: Studies on Late Medieval Italy by Kenneth Hyde

Edited by Daniel Waley (Manchester University Press xi + 268 pp.)

  • A History of Warfare by John Keegan (Hutchinson xvi + 432 pp.)
  • Light Dragoons: The Origins of a New
  • ...
  • Carolingian Culture: Emulation and Innovation Edited by Rosamund McKitterick (Cambridge University Press 334 pp.)
  • ...
  • A Concise History of Britain, 1707-1975 by W.A. Speck (Cambridge University Press xiv +210 pp.)
  • The Politics of Britain, 1688-1800 by Jeremy Black (Manchester University Press viii + 167 pp.)
  • Pitt the Elder by Jeremy Black (Cambridge University Press xviii +320 pp.)
  • An Imperial State At War: Britain from 1689 to 1815 by Lawrence Stone (Routledge ix +372 pp.)

This is the age of revisionism, of new, inter-disciplinary perspectives and of constant reinterpretations.

During the last two decades or so an immense number of books and articles have appeared on the history of fifteenth-century England: a flood of...

  • History and Its Images: Art and the Interpretation of the Past by Francis Haskell (Yale University Press x + 558 pp.)
  • ...

The debate over the origins of the American Civil War is one of the most fertile in modern historiography. In its vanguard for some fifty years has been Kenneth M. Stampp, the most versatile, level-headed and persuasive historian of American political and social history before 1877. Stampp's edited 'reader', The Causes of the Civil War (Simon and Schuster), has long been an invaluable teaching aid. This third, revised edition includes extracts from the work of Michael F. Holt, Joel H. Silbey and Bertram Wyatt- Brown.

  • Empire to Commonwealth: Consequences of Monotheism in Late Antiquity by Garth Fowden (Princeton University Press xvii +205 pp.)
  • Greeks and Romans: A Social History by Michael Grant (Weidenfeld & Nicolson ix +197 pp.)
  • Palmyra and its Empire: Zenobi’s Revolt Against Rome by Richard Stoneman (University of Michigan Press xiv +246 pp.)

Although they deal with quite different subjects, these three books are not entirely unconnected.

  • The Puritan Gentry Besieged 1650-1700 by J. T. Cliffe (Routledge xii + 295 pp.)
  • Revolution and Restoration England in the 1650s

Private Lives, Public Spirit: A Social History of Britain 1870-1914 by Jose Harris (Clarendon Press x +238 pp.)

Women’s Voices 1880-1918: The New Woman, edited by Juliet Gardiner (Collins & Brown x + 810 pp.)

London in the 1890s: A Cultural History by Karl Beckson (W.VV. Norton xviii + 445 pp.)

  • American-Soviet Relations: From the Russian Revolution to the Fall of Communism by Peter Boyle (Routledge xiv + 311 pp.)
  • ...
  • Eastern Questions in the Nineteenth Century: Collected Essays, Volume 2, of Allan Cunningham,
    edited by Edward Ingram (Frank Cass xiv +272 pp.)
  • Imperialism, Evangelism and The Ottoman Armenians 1878-1896
  • Bosnia: A Short Story
    Noel Malcolm (Macmillan xxiv + 340 pp.)
  • Islam in the Balkans: Religion &
  • ...
  • Eleanor of Aquitaine: Queen and Legend
    D.D.R. Owen (Blackwell viii + 256 pp.)
  • The World of the
  • ...

The Phoenix and the Flame: Catalonia and the Counter-Reformation

By Henry Kamen (Yale xvi + 527 pp.)

The Reformation of the Parishes: The Ministry and the Reformation in Town and Country

Edited by Andrew Pettegree (Manchester University Press xii +244 pp.)

English Reformations: Religion, Politics and Society under the Tudors

By Christopher Haigh (Clarendon Press ix +367 pp.)

  • Images of Oliver Cromwell
    R.C. Richardson (ed.) (Manchester University Press 231 pp.)
  • Cavaliers and
  • ...
  • A.J.P. Taylor - A Biography
    Adam Sisman (Sinclair-Stevenson, 1994, xii +468 pp.)
  • A.J.P. Taylor: The
  • ...
  • The Nazi Elite
    Edited by Ronald Smelser & Rainer Zitelman (Macmillan, 1993, 259 pp.)
  • National Socialist Rule in Germany: The Socialist State
  • Franco: A Biography
    Paul Preston (Harper Collins, 1993, xxi + 1002 pp.)

Among the most popular day-...

  • The ‘True Professional Ideal’ in America: A History
    Bruce A. Kimball (Blackwell, 1992, xiii + 429 pp.)
  • Before the Computer: IBM, NCR, Burroughs and Remington Rand and the Industry They Created
    James W. Cortada (Princeton University Press, 1993, xxi + 344 pp.)
  • Masters to Managers: Historical and Comparative Perspectives on American Employers
  • Representing Ireland: Literature and the Origins of the Conflict: 1534-1600
    Edited by Brendan Bradshaw, Andrew Hadfield, Willy Maley (Cambridge University Press, 1993, xxiv + 235 pp.)
  • Tyrone’s Rebellion
  • In Search of the Maquis – Rural Resistance in Southern France 1942-1944
    H. R. Kedward (Clarendon Press, 1993, xviii +340 pp
  • ...
  • G.M. Trevelyan: A Life in History
    David Cannadine (Harper Collins, 1992, xvi + 288pp.)
  • The English
    Geoffrey Elton (Blackwell, 1992, xiv + 248pp.)
  • Myths of the English
  • Bad Habit: Drinking, Smoking, Taking Drugs. Gambling, Sexual Misbehaviour and Swearing in American History
    John C. Burnham (New
  • ...
  • 1649: The Crisis of the English Revolution
    Brian Manning (Bookmarks, 1992, 288pp.)
  • The Impact of the
  • ...
  • Consumption and the World of Goods
    John Brewer and Roy Porter (Routledge, 1992, xix+564pp.)

This handsome...

  • Brother Number One: A Political Biography of Pol Pot
    David P. Chandler (Westview Press, 1992, xiv+ 254 pp.)
...
  • Emden and the Dutch Revolt. Exile and the Development of Reformed Protestant
    Andrew Pettegree (Clarendon Press, 1992, 550pp
  • ...

The Personal Role of Charles I
Kevin Sharpe (Yale University Press, 1992, xxiii + 983pp.)

The Caroline Captivity of the Church: Charles I and the Remoulding of Anglicanism 1625-1642

Julian Davies (Clarendon Press, 1992, xviii + 400pp.)

  • Frontiers : The Epic of South Africa’s Creation and the Tragedy of the Xhosa People
  • Hitler’s Army: Soldiers, Nazis and War in the Third Reich
    Omar Bartov (Oxford University Press, 1992, xiv+ 238pp.)
  • ...

The Christians and the Roman Empire

Marta Sordi. 215 pp. (Croom Helm, 1983)

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