Who's Who

1991

John MacKenzie argues there is life yet in Marxist analysis if not in its practice then for examining the process of imperial rule and its transformation.

Hugh David discusses, amongst other topics in the media, the assassination of JFK.

Richard Cavendish looks at all things Stuart in the month when Charles I lost his head.

The Lime Centre in Hampshire and its practical training in the use of lime.

Annette Bingham explores Bronze Age grazing in the Peak District

Hugh Brogan nominates Alexis de Tocqueville rather than Karl Marx as a useful guide to the new world order of history in the 90s.

Catherine Andreyev reviews books by Andrei Sakharov and Vladimir Pozner

Colin Michie rings the bell at an early English hospital

Damien Gregory reports on protests surrounding the explorer's quincentenary celebrations.

Leah Leneman tells the little-known story of the role played by Scottish men, in the campaign to get women the vote in the years before the First World War.

Rehabilitating the European dynasty

Ann Hills on highland games at Braemar

War in the 20th century

The Commonwealth Armies: Manpower and Organisation in Two World Wars
F.W. Perry - MUP, £12.95

The Politics of Manpower, 1914-1918
Keith Grieves – MUP, £12.95

Kitchener’s Army: The Raising of New Armies, 1914-1916
Peter Simkins – MUP, £13.25

Troubled Days of Peace: Mountbatten and South-East Asia Command, 1945-46
Peter Dennis - MUP, £13.95

The Commonwealth Armies and the Korean War
Jeffrey Grey - MUP, £12.95

War and Social Change: British Society in the Second World War
Harold L. Smith – MUP, £13.95

Judy Litoff and David C. Smith sift through the hopes and fears of America's home front in this selection and commentary of letters they have assembled from wives, mothers and sweethearts during the Second World War.

Miranda Vickers looks at the troubled history of Yugoslav-Albanian relations

Kate Lowe on Hong Kong's forgotten anniversary.

Lions led by donkeys? Britain's most traumatic land offensive of the First World War drew to its conclusion in November 1916. Trevor Wilson and Robin Prior reassess the campaign, the wisdom of its strategy and tactics, and the reputation of its C-in-C, Douglas Haig.

History Workshop celebrates its birthday

Julia Simpson on a new museum celebrating the clog shoe

From Augustine to Alfred - Janet Backhouse discusses the material evidence and new views that are the backcloth to the major exhibition of Anglo-Saxon art and culture opening at the British Museum this month.

John Crossland compares the investigative approach of historians and journalists.

Did he fall... or was he pushed? Michael MacDonald investigates the cause celebre of Arthur Capel, Earl of Essex, found with his throat cut in the Tower of London and sheds light on attitudes to suicide and the political and religious strife of Restoration England.

Stephen Rigby argues that Marxist analysis has had an underrated role in the social and economic interpretation of the medieval world.

Must the historians be morally neutral on the subject he or she investigates? Michael Burleigh offers a personal view.

Robin Blackburn describes how the message of liberte, egalite, fraternite, acted as crucial catalyst for race and class uprisings in Europe's Caribbean colonies.

Anthony Seldon considers when and why history ends and current affairs begin.

Maurice Hilton discovers a message of European cultural unity in a splendid Baroque doorway in Prague.

Rosemary Laurent discovers a British outpost in the south Atlantic.

Hugh David questions the influence of television series over books.

Annette Bingham on the discovery of a complex military defence system on Crete

Christopher Abel on the often dangerous work of academics in Colombia

Akbar Ahmed looks at the legacy of a Moorish past for the present Spain.

Bovver boys in Athens and Rome? Apparently so, according to Robert Garland, who uncovers tales from life and legend to show how high jinks could turn to blows in the classical world.

Mark Clapson looks at how Victorian morality drove the pleasures of betting underground, and relates the various devices that enabled the working-classes to sustain the reputation of a nation of gamblers.

Robert Service looks at how Gorbachev's revolution has left an open agenda for Soviet historians.

Hugh Dunthorne on how bowls, billiards, skating and other pastimes shed light on the society and culture of the Dutch Golden Age.

Babbage’s Difference Engine and the mechanical pre-history of computing.

The Hudson's Bay Company was one of the central forces moulding the development of the vast tracts of land that today are Canada - but as Barry Gough explains here, the circumstances of its launch in 1670 also reveal much about the commercial forces, personalities and rivalries of Restoration England.

New insights in Celtic history in Europe

Ann Hills on fishing tales from Hawaii

The story of Michael Faraday, the genius of electricity, is very much a classic tale of the rise from obscure origins to scientific eminence. But as Frank James notes, an important chapter was the commercial work Faraday did for the army and navy in order to secure his freedom to pursue pure research.

Penelope Johnston describes China's revered North American hero

A new book by Jerzy Lukowski on Poland in the 18th century

Our boys over there? Mark Ellis looks at how America's black newspapers and population reacted to US involvement in the First World War and at the steps the government took to try and ensure a favourable press.

David Lowenthal looks at how landscape has shaped and reflects the English view of themselves.

Milton Goldin compares American philanthropy past and present.

John Bossy has painstakingly reconstructed from clues and evidence, a hitherto untold story of intellectual intrigue, spying and double-cross in Elizabethan England. In the 1580s, during the most tense period of the cold war between Elizabeth I's Protestant England and Philip II's Catholic Spain, an Italian philosopher and intellectual lived quietly in London as a lodger with the French ambassador, writing among other things, about Copernicus' new theory of the universe. But men of letters may not be always what they seem...

Keith Nurse describes important Iron Age finds in Norfolk on display at the British Museum

Marjorie Morgan discovers the origins of the image-making of modern marketeers and admen in the upwardly mobile world of 19th-century English society.

Two books on London rail transport

Edward Acton looks to the Tsarist ancien regime of the 19th century to set the scene for a historical understanding of Russia that does not throw out the baby with its Marxist bathwater.

Columbus braved superstition and ignorance by sailing across the Atlantic when his contemporaries thought he would fall off the edge. So runs the legend, but Jeffrey Russell reveals here how the Middle Ages were maligned by the creative fiction of subsequent generations.

Jeremy Black takes a fresh look at the career and reputation of the 'great outsider' of Hanoverian Britain.

John Roberts finds nationalism a better bet than the idylls of Marx for the longue duree of historical understanding.

James Driver gains an insight into current food controversies from the Victorians.

Richard Cavendish on the 60th anniversary of the National Trust for Scotland.

19th and 20th century Germany

Roger Knight looks at the National Maritime Museum's acquistion of the papers of John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich.

Richard Vinen compares and contrasts the corner shop visions of British Thatcherism and French Poujadism.

Peter Wiseman reconstructs the splendour and intrigue of Imperial Rome

Two new general works on the history of the Christian religion

Trevor Fisher takes a fresh look at 1066 and All That and finds it a text for the times.

During the Pacific War Japanese attempts to crack battlefront communications were frustrated by a dedicated band of native Americans stationed with the Marine Corps and transmitting in a Navajo code. Lynn Escue tells this hitherto little-known story.

Jackie Latham compares Victorian and current school inspection theories for history and other subjects

The ambiguous nature of the Reformation settlement in England has often taxed historians. Diarmaid MacCulloch casts a critical eye over the evidence for a 16th-century half-way house between Catholic and Protestant.

Martin Evans has tracked down and interviewed many of those who helped the Algerian FLN - and outlines here the links between the experience of resistance to the Nazis and the struggle against colonial rule.

Henry VIII spent astronomical amounts on military fortifications from the Scottish border to the South Coast of England. Marcus Merriman discusses the locations and architecture of these fortifications.

Business with pleasure - Steven Gunn shows how the spectacle of the joust oiled the wheels of service and diplomacy as well as building up the court's image, not just for Henry VIII but for his dynasty-founding father as well.

The early Renaissance royal palace on the Thames

The king on the move - Simon Thurley discusses the style and range of palaces and great houses Henry VIII had available to house him and his peripatetic court.

Maria Dowling considers the contribution of Henry VIII's queens in promoting new learning and religion at the Tudor court.

William Sessions on the connections of the charismatic courtier-poet who in a short and ill-fated life bridged the aristocratic Renaissance cultures of the Continent and the lifestyle of Henry VIII's court.

David Starkey provides an introduction to the remarkable ruler and places his achievements in a European context.

Stuart Andrews considers the life and radical milieu of the dissenting preacher whose support first for the American and then the French Revolutions brought him public controversy, and in the case of the latter, triggered Edmund Burke's classic denunciation of 1789.

David Chandler enters a plea for a more sensitive treatment for Europe’s great battlefields.

Hugh Purcell examines the impact on either side of the Atlantic of Ken Burns’s tour de force, The Civil War.

Keith Nurse reveals news of Anglo-Saxon jewellery find in Suffolk.

Professor Charles Boxer looks at a fascinating East-West encounter where science and mathematics were trailed as tempters for a Chinese gospel.

Peter Marshall considers the past impact and present influence of Marxist models to the history of Europe's encounters with other continents.

by T.C. Smout and Sydney Wood

Richard Cavendish paddles along with the Coracle Society.

Robert Thorne on monumental records on the move.

The first modern constitution in Europe? On the occasion of its bicentenary, Robert Frost looks at the background to a landmark in Polish history which, though it triggered the final disaster of partition by the country's greedy neighbours, was a work of enlightened reform, not revolution. 

This special issue of History Today, marking forty years of publication of the magazine, is an attempt to reflect as many facets of its character and appeal as it is possible to muster within the covers of a single issue, explains Editor Gordon Marsden.

Michael Foot celebrates the 150th anniversary of the London Library with a tribute to its founder, Thomas Carlyle.

Arthur Marwick takes a sweeping look at the society and culture into which History Today was born.

Akbar Ahmed offers the most timely review of how history and stereotype have often combined to make Western Orientalism a hindrance rather than a help in mutual understanding between two cultures.

The links of sentiment and interest between Britain and the United States, though frequently subject to prophesies of continental drift, remain tenacious. Esmond Wright offers a personal perspective on the events and individuals that have forged the alliance over the past century.

Never-never land? Marina Warner delves into the world of fairy stories to discover a historical context of family discord and feminine assertiveness in the adventures of Snow White and Cinderella.

Elizabethans in the Arctic

17th century history and literature

Richard Cavendish visits an organisation devoted to architectural treats.

The production of gin was actively encouraged in Britain during the Restoration period, but its increasing grip on the London poor had disastrous effects for the following century. Thomas Maples examines the gin problem and what it took to stem the flow.

Barbara Donagan discusses the variable treatment of captives by captors between Crown and Parliament and what light it sheds on the manners and mores of the times.

A selection of the new armchair and active opportunities for those of our readers keen on combining history and travel.

Timothy Jacobson with a plea for America's 'history for all'.

Ragnhild Hatton on her memories - and the perspective of other historians - on Wartime Norway.

Hugh David on class and other histories.

David Birmingham draws on the private papers of an 18th-century Swiss cheese farmer to recreate a world whose business sophistication and economic arrangements cut across the context of the rustic joys of an Alpine lifestyle.

Kenneth Andrews reviews both studies

Andrew Boyd tells the story of the ill-fated mission of a papal nuncio whose blundering zeal doomed the hopes of Irish Catholics of profiting from the civil war between Charles I and his Parliament in England.

Ann Hughes continues our articles on the Civil War period by investigating the controversies in public debate and the printed word that fuelled religious arguments before and after the Interregnum.

Two new works exploring 16th-century Spain and French women in the next century

John Crowfoot considers the role flags and anthems have played in defining Soviet and Russian identities, past and present.

Anne Hills on shutting up shop at Spitalfields.

Tony Aldous examines the tensions over digging and conserving in historic town centres such as Lincoln.

by Sheridan Gilley

Two new works exploring the life of Elizabeth I

Geoffrey Clarke on netting the Poll Tax in Hastings.

Greek and Roman history through archaeology

Until the late 18th century, few criminal defendants thought it worthwhile to engage a lawyer on their behalf; but in the 1780s things suddenly changed. John Beattie looks at the part William Garrow, a brilliant young defence lawyer, played in altering the course of justice.

The current paperbacks exploring Islamic history

Janet Hartley discusses the mixed responses of Russia's populations to Napoleon's great gamble on an invasion and the part they played in the eventual French catastrophe. 

  • Court Patronage And Corruption In Early Stuart England
    Linda Levy Peck - Unwin Hyman, 1990 - 319 pp. - £35
  • Lives And Letters Of The Great Tudor Dynasties: Rivals In Power

Unrevolutionary England, 1603-1642

Conrad Russell - Hambledon Press, 1990 - xxx+313pp. - £30

The Causes Of The English Civil War

Conrad Russell - Clarendon Press, 1990 - xv+ 236pp. - £35 hardback, £10.95 paperback

The Fall Of The British Monarchies 1637-42

Conrad Russell - Oxford University Press, 1991 - xix+ 550pp. - £40

  • Thomas Cook : 150 Years Of Popular Tourism
  • A History Of South Africa
    Leonard Thompson - Yale University Press, 1990 - xxi+288pp. - £19.95
  • ...
  • Elites And Power In Twentieth Century Spain: Essays In Honour Of Sir Raymond Carr
    Edited by Frances Lannon and Paul Preston -
  • ...
  • Conquest And Coalescence: The Shaping Of The State In Early Modern Europe
    Edited by Mark Greengrass - Edward Arnold,
  • ...
  • A History Of Contraception: From Antiquity To The Present Day
    Angus McLaren - Blackwell, 1990 - 278pp. - £25
  • ...
  • Distant Friends: The United States & Russia, 1763-1867
    Norman E. Saul - University Press of Kansas, 1991 - xvi+448
  • ...
  • From Alexander to Actium
    Peter Green - Thames and Hudson, 1990 - xxiii+ 970 pp.
  • Antigonos the One-
  • ...

The Hundred Years' War: Trial by Battle

By Jonathan Sumption - Faber and Faber, 1990 - 659 pp. - £20

The Angevin Legacy and the Hundred Years' War 1250-1340

By Malcolm Vale - Basil Blackwell, 1990 - 317 pp. - £59.50

The Hundred Years' War

By Robin Neillands – Routledge, 1990 - 300 pp. - £20

  • The First America: The Spanish Monarchy, Creole Patriots And The Liberal State 1492-1867
    D.A. Brading - Cambridge University Press, 1991 - xviii+761 pp. - £55
  • Christopher Columbus: Journal Of The First Voyage
  • Ecstasies. Deciphering the Witches' Sabbath
    Carlo Ginzburg Hutchinson Radius, 1991 339 pp. £18.99.
  • ...
  • Centuries of Darkness
    Peter James - Jonathan Cape, 1991 - xxii + 434 pp. - £19.99

In the way that there...

The Big Three: Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin in Peace and War

By Robin Edmonds - Hamish Hamilton, 1991 - 608 pp. - £22.50

The Lancastrian Affinity 1361-1399

By Simon Walker - Clarendon Press, 1990 - 350 pp. - £40

North-Eastern England During the Wars of the Roses. Lay Society, War and Politics 1450-1500

By A.J. Pollard - Clarendon Press, 1990 - 445 pp. - £45

The Paston Family in the Fifteenth Century. The First Phase

By Colin Richmond - Cambridge University Press - 269 pp. - £35

  • Charles Darwin: The Man and his Influence
    Peter J. Bowler Basil Blackwell, 1990 xi.i+250 pp. £19.95
  • The Ruling Passion of John Gould: A Biography of the Bird Man

This massive volume begins not with Bradford but with what historians have written about class. As such, it loses considerably as a study of...

  • A Forest Of Kings: The Untold Story Of The Ancient Maya
    Linda Schele and David Freidel - William Morrow & Co, 1990
  • ...
  • De Gaulle: The Rebel 1890-1944
    Jean Lacouture - Collins Harvill, 1990 - viii+615 pp. - £20

...

  • General of the Army: George C. Marshall, Soldier and Statesman
    Ed Cray - W.W. Norton, 1990 - xiv+847 pp. - £22/$40
  • ...
  • Arthur Henderson
    Chris Wrigley - GPC Books, 1990 - xii + 210 pp. - £15.95
  • Crossman: The
  • ...
  • Heroes And Villains: Selected Essays
    R.W. Johnson - Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1990 - x+ 347pp. - £25
  • ...
  • A History Of Hungary
    Peter F. Sugar, Edited by Peter Nanik and Tibor Frank - I.B. Tauris and Co, 1990 - xiv+ 432pp. - £
  • ...

Victorian Faith In Crisis. Essays On Continuity And Changein Nineteenth-Century Religious Belief

Edited by Richard J. Helmstadter and Bernard Lightman - Macmillan, 1990 - 391 pp. - £45

Protestant Evangelicanism: Britain, Ireland, Germany And America C.1750-1950

Edited by Keith Robbins - Blackwell, 1990 - 369 pp. - £35

This excellent book fills a major gap in the historiography of eighteenth-century Britain. While a number of detailed monographs and articles in...

  • Cities, Class And Communication - Essays In Honour Of Asa Briggs   
    Edited by Derek Fraser - Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1990 - xii + 264 pp. - £50
  • Visions Of The People - Industrial England And The Question Of Class 1848-1914
  • All Or Nothing: The Axis And The Holocaust 1941-1943
    Jonathan Steinberg – 320pp – Routledge, 1990 - £20
  • ...
  • Cities, Class And Communication - Essays In Honour Of Asa Briggs
    Edited by Derek Fraser - Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1990 - xii + 264 pp. - £50
  • Visions Of The People - Industrial England And The Question Of Class 1848-1914

The English Town

Mark Girouard - Yale University Press, 1990 - 330 pp - £19.95

Life In The Georgian City

Dan Cruickshank and Neil Burton – Viking, 1990 - 288 pp. - £19.95

  • The Near East Since The First World War
    M.E. Yapp - Longman, 1991 - xvii+526pp. - £52 (hardhack), £14.95 (paperback)
  • Iran In The Twentieth Century: A Political History
  • Ideologies And Mentalities
    Michel Vovelle - Polity Press, 1990 - 263 pp. - £29.50
  • The Transmission
  • ...

Renaissance Portraits: European Portrait-Painting In The 14th, 15th And 16th Centuries

Lorne Campbell - Yale University Press, 1990 - 290 pp. - £35

  • The King's Cardinal: The Rise And Fall Of Thomas Wolsey
  • Artists And Warfare In The Renaissance
  • Nationalism In France. Class And Nation Since 1789
    Brian Jenkins - Routledge, 1990 - 252 pp. - £30
  • The Politics Of Dissent. Pacifism In France 1919-1939
  • Haig's Command: A Reassessment
    Denis Winter - Viking, 1991 - 362 pp. - £18.99
  • Field-Marshal Auchinleck

Literature And The English Civil War

Edited by Thomas Healey and Jonathan Sawday

Cambridge University Press, 1990 - viii+ 268pp. - £27.50

After decades of mutual indifference, historians and English Literature scholars have begun to cohabit, and are displaying amused tolerance of one another's foibles, although it is too early to say if the relationship will lead on to a more permanent and hallowed union.

The Oxford Illustrated History Of New Zealand

Keith Sinclair (ed.)

Oxford University Press, 1990 - viii + 389 pp. - £25

In 1990 New Zealand, a country somewhat larger in area than Great Britain, was inhabited by 70 million sheep, 4.7 million cattle, and 3.3 million people.

  • Roman Gaul And Germany
    Anthony King - British Museum Publications, 1990 - 240 pp. - £17.95
  • An Atlas Of Roman Britain
  • The Reign Of Edward III. Crown And Political Society In England 1327-1377
    W.M. Ormrod - Yale University Press, 1990 - xiii+280 pp. - £19.95

Contemporaries had no doubt of Edward III's greatness. One writer shortly after his death saw him as a minister of God and a scourge to his enemies – in short, as one who deserved the society of the angels. Thomas Walsingham, the St Albans chronicler, considered him renowned among all the princes of the world. No kingdom under the heavens, he believed, could have produced a ruler so noble and so high-minded.

  • Mesoamerica's Ancient Cities
  • A Life Of John Calvin
    Alister McGrath - Basil Blackwell, 1990 - 332 pp. – £19.95

John Calvin has never...

  • Himmler: Reichsfuhrer-SS
    Peter Padfield - Macmillan, 1990 - xii+656 pp. - £17.95

Although truckloads of...

  • The Minority Of Henry III
    D. A. Carpenter - Methuen, 1990 - 472 pp. - £25
  • William Marshal: Court, Career And Chivalry In The Angevin Empire 1147-1219

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