Who's Who


Commentators have tended to play down the importance of London as a business and industrial centre since 1500, argues Theo Barker, and in the process have distorted the saga of Britain’s economic rise and fall.

Was Bruce as patriotic or as harmonious in his relationship with Wallace as the view of historical romance has handed down? Andrew Fisher investigates the meaning of patriotism in 14th-century Scotland and suggests the tradition needs revising.

Conservation awards

Robert Waller on the history, dangers and importance of opinion polls.

Aram Bakshian on the historic tensions of Islam and secular nationalism

The latest paperbacks on mid-17th century England

Pamela Tudor-Craig tours the cathedrals of the Kremlin

Ann Hills on a major new appeal to aid a School famous for its archaeology and exhibitions.

Hugh David on Victoriana and Tony Benn

Jousts, Chivalry and Pageants in the Middle Ages

Volume One, The Making Of An Historian. Volume Two, The American Experience

Rowan Williams examines the career of the 2nd-century theologian whose powerful and idiosyncratic vision illuminates the tensions and development of the early Church.

'Am I just a crook to compromise in order to get the job done? You judge it, I can't'. Alonzo Hamby traces the web of influences from his boyhood in a Mid-West town that shaped the character of America's 33rd president.

Jonathan Clark probes the anti-Catholic actions and millenarian rhetoric of 18th-century America, challenging the assumption that 1776 was solely a product of secular and constitutional impulses.

Paris' most famous landmark turned 100 years old in 1989. But, as Jean-Pierre Navailles relates, the plans raised a storm of protest at the time directed against 'the monstrosity'.

He may have crystallised our image of the Victorian Christmas, but is there a Dickens for all our seasons? Raphael Samuel embarks on an investigation of how film and stage treatments of his work illuminated changing attitudes to the inheritance of 19th-century Britain.

William Bird looks at how American business and commerce turned to the techniques of advertising and Hollywood to extol the merits of capitalism and free enterprise in response to the anti-corporate liberalism of the New Deal.

A range of paperback titles focusing on Late Antiquity.

A state in place or a state of mind? Soviet historian Sergei Averintsev considers the claims on universality and divine legitimacy made by the Russia of the Tsars in response to previous legacies of empire.

Two books on Italian Fascism and racism

Donald Weinstein examines the career and context of the extraordinary millenarian friar who held a puritanical sway over Renaissance Florence in the last decade of the fifteenth century.

Searching for the truth about the infamous mutiny

by Christopher N.L. Brooke

'For sale, our tyrant King! Five shillings and you can string him up'. Mark Greengrass probes the motives behind and reaction to the murder of France's last Valois monarch.

Bill Fisherman reviews a new title on the momentous strike of 1889.

A Volume of Omissions in the Dictionary of National Biography.

Ann Hills on the salvation of Undercliffe Cemetery, a Victorian necropolis

Bernard Porter on espionage, past and present.

Hugh David on 1789 and 1939 on the air.

John Crossland looks at the Dock Strike that succeeded in 1889.

by Barbara Tuchman

The Making of Eastern Europe

Annette Bingham on digging up the past in the United Arab Emirates.

Richard Cavendish visits an organisation devoted to the maps and plans of the capital's past.

Alexander Kazhdan considers the influence of totalitarianism and meritocracy in the Byzantine empire – and its relationship to the growth of the Russian and other successor states in the East.

Ann Hills explores long-term excavations on the ancient Central American civilisation.

Clare Thomson on the pace of change in the Baltic States.

Peter Parker describes the difficulties in writing historical biographies and his effort on writer and editor J.R. Ackerley.

Men, Women, and Sexual Renunciation in Early Christianity

Tony Aldous on the restoration of a mansion of an outstanding early 18th-century Scottish architect.

A Portrait of Bohemian Society, 1900-1955

A country divided, degenerate and in cultural decline? Robert Oresko examines the changing views historians are developing of Italy between the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries and finds a society far more vibrant and complex than tradition suggests.

Charlemagne may have been the first Holy Roman Emperor but what did he do to dispel the 'Dark Ages'? Mary Alberi looks at the work of his leading court intellectual, Alcuin, and how his hopes for a 'New Athens' in the Aachen palace school promoted the Carolingian Renaissance.

Penelope Johnston on feelings of pride in North America.

Oswald and Margaret Dilke discuss the work of the cartographer-cum-Crusade-propagandist Marin Sanudo, who used his work to urge on a 14th-century initiative to recover Palestine from the infidel.

Edited by Christopher Harper-Bill, Christopher Holdsworth and Janet L. Nelson

David Thompson on the labour movement and an educational reformer and founder of the WEA.

Christopher Elrington on the work of the Victoria County History

A tale of kidnapped Africans and an abortive trading voyage casts light on the uneasy relationship between conscience and commerce in New England argues Larry Gragg.

An English cricket team set out on a goodwill visit to Paris in the turbulent summer of 1789. But the proposed tour never took place. Overtaken by events, it turned back at Dover. John Goulstone and Michael Swanton compile the following account from broadsheets and from correspondence, between certain of the personalities involved.

Ann Hills on the European links in the largest Central American country

John Benson on the history of attempting to encourage people into self-employment and entrepreneurship.

Captain Cook and the Exploration of the Pacific, by Lynne Withey

New local history publications.

David Stephens discerns an undercurrent of social protest and complaint beneath the usual exuberance of the bagpiper in medieval art.

Neil Dalton discusses the historic separation of the legal profession

Bodily mutation and mortification in religion and folklore, by Piero Camporesi

In the Middle Ages mill-owning was a sound investment and led to the invention of the windmill but, as Richard Holt points out, these halcyon times were of short duration.

'I speak of the Golden-Vale, the Lombardy of Herefordshire, the Garden of the Old Gallants, and Paradice of the backside of the Principallitie', wrote Rowland Vaughan. Mary Delorme introduces the exponent of an early irrigation system.

Dymphna Byrne examines startling new archaeological finds in the city of Lincoln

Tony Aldous investigates a reconstructed 1694 column near Covent Garden.

Ben Shephard examines the comparisons between American Vietnam veterans and Soviets who served in Afghanistan

A look into the long-lastng links between Britain and Holland forged during the war.

Reflections and elaborations on the work of Christopher Hill and a book by J. T. Cliffe

The 150 years of Royal Shows in Britain cast useful light on the changing relationship between man and the countryside and the love-hate relationship of farming and technology, argues Nicholas Goddard.

The partnership of man and horse on the land goes back a long time, but, as John Langdon shows, it was not until after the Conquest that the horse really began to come into its own.

Damien Gregory investigates the debate over the proposed excavation of the Elizabeth Rose Theatre.

New books on British Liberalism

Palestinian revolt - not in Israel today but under the British mandate fifty years ago. Charles Townshend traces its impact and discusses its character.

The current state of history teaching

The Stadholders of the Dutch Republic

Linda Pollock questions the assumption that younger brothers in the 16th and 17th-centuries were automatically stifled and frustrated, impotent in the family pecking order.

The history of Magic...

The Murdered Magicians: The Templars and their Myth
Peter Partner – Crucible, 1981

Arcana Mundi: Magic and the Occult in the Greek and Roman Worlds
Georg Luck – Crucible, 1985

Witchcraft and Magic in Sixteenth- and Seventeenth-Century Europe
Geoffrey Scarre – Macmillan, 1987

John Dee: Essential Readings
Gerald Suster – Crucible, 1986

John Dee: The World of an Elizabethan Magus
Peter French – Ark, 1972

Damien Gregory on the use of Fort Nelson over Portsmouth, a fort known as a fine example of Victorian military architecture.

Homes for heroes? Gertrude Prescott Nuding argues that the inspiration behind and debates over the founding of Britain's National Portrait Gallery reveal the Victorian establishment at its most earnest about who was worth celebrating in 'our island story'.

Military Innovation and the Rise of the West, 1500-1800

Olwen Hufton chronicles the varied but influential voices of feminine awareness that intervened, often decisively and despite male misgivings, in the course of the Revolution.

Peter Burley looks at how changing times and political climates are echoed in the 20th-century's view of the Revolution on film.

Recent books on the French Revolution.

To export the Revolution's benefits across Europe was the early hope of the French - but the unenthusiastic response from the liberated peoples rapidly soured the vision. Tim Blanning chronicles that descent from optimism to realpolitik.

Despite the later conflicts between Church and Revolution, Nigel Aston argues that the majority of France's churchmen in 1789 were keen for reform and eager for change.

The campaign to preserve the Battle of Naseby site in Northamptonshire, a pivotal moment in the English Civil War.

Ann Hills explains Scotland's cultural initiatives revolving around the famous architect Charles Rennie Mackintosh.

In the years after the First World War, aviation became the most exciting form of transport, the spirit of a new age; but for French women, as Sian Reynolds explains, it was also a paradigm of their struggle for equality.

Felix Barker describes a new museum at the Sidneys of Penshurst stately home in Kent.

An exploration of the heroic period of 17th-century Sweden through a new Royal Academy exhibition.

Various publications on the First World War

Paul Dukes on the development of the White House and the Kremlin.

Immigration and British Society, 1871-1971

Angela Morgan describes Ukrainian archaeological and artistic treasures

Russia and the Allies 1917-1920, volume 2, March-November 1918

200 years on, the 'inferior endorsements' that Washington brought to the first Presidential inauguration can be seen, Esmond Wright argues, as extraordinarily successful in setting constitutional precedents that have endured in the United States.

Rosemary O'Day explains how a reinvestigation of the data collected by a pioneer social scientist is shedding new light on the lifestyles of Victorian London.

Essays on the symbolic representation, design and use of past environments

On the 50th anniversary of the end of Spanish Civil War, Michael Alpert chronicles the ebb and flow of battle between Republican and Nationalists.

With Easter near we present some of the most intriguing history and travel books and holidays that will shortly be available. Whether the destination is Avebury or Albania, the range of options here should be enough to tempt the most demanding travellers, be they armchair or otherwise.

Renaissance and Reformation in European society

'Sweet' Polly Oliver went to war to be with her lover, but there were many women for whom military life was an end in itself. Julie Wheelwright uncovers the career of one woman whose ambition was amply fulfilled.

Simon Barclay on the archaeological discovery of a Charles II artillery fort

Dick Wilson explores the enigma of the Chinese Communist leader and premier.

Longevity, not magnanimity, was the hallmark of the victorious Franco. Paul Preston reviews the legacies of the Civil War in the Spain the General ruled for nearly forty years.

Oxford and Cambridge to c.1500

Ann Hills recounts the development proposals on an American Civil War battlefield site

Divided, outmanned and lacking international support – Paul Heywood argues the wonder was not that the Republic lost to Franco, but that it held out for so long.

Rosemary Burton observes new plans for museums.

Peter Beck looks back on the importance of Argentina's history.

Alan Thomas takes a look Samuel Plimsoll, the nineteenth century reformer who left his mark on ships all over the world.

Michael Dillon looks at the little-known and less appreciated activities of a trader class that provided a solid base for the prosperity the Ming and Qing Chinese empires.

Biographies on a literary and an architectural figure from the 17th and 18th-centuries.

Yuri Afanasyev, one of the leading popular advocates of the revaluation of domestic and world history in the Soviet Union, takes his argument further, in an interview for History Today with Albert Sirotkin of Novosti.

Tony Aldous examines the restoration of Morecambe’s winter gardens.

There is nothing new in the practice of terrorism through hostage taking. Gregor Dallas traces its roots to the events in Paris during the Spring of 1871 when the city was riven by civil strife.

by Peter Quennell

In the light of genetic engineering today, Nicholas Russell explores how the thoroughbred racehorse has changed in history.

Roy Macnab examines the ongoing debate on the two Frances of 1940 – epitomized on the one side by Petain and de Gaulle on the other – in the light of an heroic Cavalry stand against the German Blitzkrieg.

John M. MacKenzie looks at a legendary railway station.

Ann Hills explores the Yemen Arab Republic's unique historic capital.

Ian Seymour looks at the involvement of Elizabeth I's astrologer in matters of state, and his diplomatic intrigues on the Continent on the eve of the Armada.

Michael Houses looks at the grievances and history of the troubled Middle East country.

Aram Bakshian Jr. and Geoffrey D. Schad look at the Indian state of Hyderabad from the 18th century to the last days of the British Raj, and at its rulers who echoed the glories of the Mughal court.

'A life of action and constant fidelity to a set of ideas': Max Beloff takes a fresh look at the career of Leo Amery with the publication of the latter's second volume of diaries – a man by no means the stereotype of an inter-war Conservative politician.

Will glasnost affect the view of non-Russian history in the Soviet Union? Thomas Prymak looks at Michael Hrushevsky, Ukrainian historian and nationalist whose reputation and life mirrored the ebb and flow in the fortunes of 'Kievan Rus'.

The philosophe may have laid the egg, but was the bird hatched of a different breed? Maurice Cranston discusses the intellectual origins and development of the French Revolution.

  • Discovering Islam: Making Sense of Muslim History and Society
    Akbar S. Ahmed (Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1988, x+251 pp.)
  • ...

Paths from Ancient Greece; Edited by Carol G. Thomas (E.J. Brill/Leiden, 1988, 206 pp.)

The Greeks and their Legacy: Collected Papers II. Prose, Literature, History, Society, Transmission, Influence; K.J. Dover (Basil Blackwell, 1988, ix + 334 pp.)

The Classical Greeks; Michael Grant (Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1989, xiii + 337 pp.)

  • Fascism and the Mafia
    Christopher Duggan - Yale University Press, 1989 - £16.95

Long before...

Prelude to Terror - The Constituent Assembly and the Failure of Consensus 1789-1791

Norman Hampson - Basil Blackwell, 1988 - 199pp. - £19.50

Festivals and the French Revolution

Mona Ozouf - Harvard University Press - 378 pp - £29.95

  • Richard III: A Study of Service
  • Joan of Arc and Richard III - Sex, Saints, and Government in the Middle Ages

Service in the Roman Army

Edited by David Breeze and Valerie A. Maxfield

Edinburgh University Press, 1989 - xii + 335pp. - £35

This book contains ten first- rate essays by Roy Davies, a principal contributor to the progress of scholarship on the Roman army in recent decades. The editors have selected these ten from the fifty-eight publications produced by Davies in his tragically short career, which ended with his death at the age of thirty-five.

  • Italy in the Age of the Renaissance 1380-1530
    Denys Hay and John Law - Longman, 1989 - xi+ 372 - £12 paperback, £19.95 hardback

Whatever faults of structure may be found in it this is undoubtedly an extremely useful book. We have never had an effective survey in English of Italy, its history and institutions, during the most productive Renaissance period. Hay and Law have now provided it and they have done so with broad learning and with generous attention to a wide variety of topics.

The Sinews of Power: War, Money and the English State, 1688-1783

John Brewer - Unwin Hyman, 1989 - xxii + 289pp.

War and Economy in the Age of William III and Marlborough

D.W. Jones - Basil Blackwell, 1988 - xviii + 351 pp

The Anglo-Norman Nobility in the Reign of Henry I: The Second Generation

Charlotte A. Newman - University of Pennsylvania Press, 1988 - xii+243pp.

Men Raised from the Dust: Administrative Service and Upward Mobility in Angevin England

Ralph V. Turner - University of Pennsylvania Press, 1988 - x+218pp.

  • British Intelligence in the Second World War - Volume III, Part 2
    F.H. Hinsley, E.E. Thomas, C.A.G. Simkins, and C.F.G.
  • ...
  • China Changes Face: The Road From Revolution 1949-1989
    John Gittings - Oxford University Press, 1989 - xiv+290 pp.
  • ...
  • Recasting America - Culture and Politics in the Age of the Cold War
    Edited by Lary May - University of Chicago Press, 1989 - 310 pp.
  • The Proud Decades, America in War and Peace
  • Germany Turns Eastwards: A Study of Ostforschung in the Third Reich
    Michael Burleigh - Cambridge University Press, 1988
  • ...
  • A History of Parliament. The Middle Ages
    Ronald Butt - Constable, 1989 - xiv + 662pp

Ronald Butt,...

  • Scotland and England, 1286-1815
    Edited by Roger A. Mason – John Donald, 1987 - viii + 270pp 
  • The Life of James Sharp, Archbishop of St. Andrews, 1618-1679: A Political Biography
  • A History of the House of Lords
    Lord Longford. Introduction by Elizabeth Longford. – Collins, 1988 – 224pp
  • ...
  • A History of Islamic Societies
    Ira M. Lapidus - Cambridge University Press, 1988 - xxxii + 1002pp


  • Cardinal Beaufort. A study of Lancastrian ascendancy and decline
    G. L. Harriss - Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1988 - x +
  • ...

Tudor England

John Guy - Oxford University Press, 1988 - xiv + 582pp

The Tudor Age

Jasper Ridley - Constable, 1988 - 383pp

Historical change is fighting back – analytically speaking, of course. Here are three impressive interpretations of social transformation in...

The Byzantine Revival 780-842

Warren Treadgold - Stanford University Press - xviii + 504pp

Byzantium, The Early Centuries

John Julius Norwich - Viking, 1988 - 408pp

Pay Up and Play The Game: Professional Sport in Britain, 1875-1914

Wray Vamplew - Cambridge University Press, 1988 - xix + 394pp

Sport, Politics and The Working Class

Stephen G Jones - Manchester University Press, 1988 - xi + 288pp

  • Catherine the Great: Life and Legend
    John T. Alexander - Oxford University Press, 1989 - xiii + 418pp
  • ...
  • Inventing the People: The Rise of Popular Sovereignty in England and America
    Edmund S. Morgan - Norton & Co, New York
  • ...
  • Decolonization in Africa
    J.D. Hargreaves - Longman, 1988 - xvi + 263pp

In the same way that the...

Los Angeles comes to ancient Rome and makes a hit. In Lindsay Davis' delightful thriller, The Silver Pigs (Sidgwick and Jackson, £12.95), private investigator Marcus Didius Falco treats great and small in the same laconic, cynical style as his successor Sam Spade some nineteen centuries later. Mothers, Imperial Triumphs ('a real feast of sunstroke, sisters backbiting, and tired children screaming with illogical rage'), the weather in Britain, women of all shapes and sizes, each is summarily disposed of by this hard man with a heart of gold.

  • Edward I
  • A Culture For Democracy. Mass Communication and the Cultivated Mind in Britain Between the Wars
    D. L. Le Mahieu - Oxford
  • ...
  • Edward Gibbon: Making History
    Roy Porter - Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1988
  • Edward Gibbon,
  • ...
  • Ancestors
    Frank Ching - Harrop, 1988 - 528pp
  • China: A Concise Cultural History
  • ...
  • Volumes II.I and II.2, The New Cambridge History of India
    Cambridge University Press, 1988
  • ...
  • Corruption and the Decline of Rome
    Ramsay MacMullen - Yale University Press, 1988 – 281pp

To Roman...

  • Cities of Tomorrow. An Intellectual History of Urban Planning in the Twentieth Century
    Peter Hall - Basil Blackwell, 1988
  • ...
  • Elizabeth I
    Christopher Haigh - Longman, 1988 - 198pp
  • Elizabeth I: a Feminist Perspective
  • ...


By Peter Hennessy - Secker & Warburg, 1989- xx + 851pp

Inside the Think Tank

By Tessa Blackstone and William Plowden - Heinemann, 1988 - ix + 258pp

An Industrialist in the Treasury

By Edwin Plowden - Andre Deutsch, 1989 - xix + 220pp

  • 'Terra Australis' to Australia
    Edited by Glyndwr Williams and Alan Frost - Oxford University Press, 1988 - xvii + 242pp
  • ...

Shakespearean Negotiations

Stephen Greenblatt - Oxford University Press/California

University Press, 1988 - 205pp

  • Henry V and the Southampton Plot
    T.B. Pugh - Alan Sutton, 1988 - xiv + 200pp
  • Duke Richard of York
  • Frederick II
    David Abulafia - Allen Lane, The Penguin Press, 1988 - 466pp


  • Feuding, Conflict and Banditry in Nineteenth-Century Corsica
    Stephen Wilson - Cambridge University Press, 1988 - 565pp
  • ...
  • Impressionism. Art, Leisure and Parisian Society
    by Robert L Herbert. xix + 344 pp. (Yale University Press)
  • ...

Law and Government under the Tudors: Essays presented to Sir Geoffrey Elton, Regius Professor of Modern History in the University of Cambridge, on the occasion of his retirement

Eds. Claire Cross, David Loades, J.J. Scarisbrick - Cambridge University Press, 1988 - xvii + 275pp

  • Impressionism. Art, Leisure and Parisian Society
    Robert L. Herbert - Yale University Press, 1988 - xix + 334pp
  • ...
  • Fiction in the Archives: Pardon Tales and their Tellers in Sixteenth-Century France
    Natalie Zemon Davis - Polity Press,
  • ...
  • Atlas of American History
    Robert H. Ferrell and Richard Natkiel - Facts on File, 1987 - 192pp


  • Sexual underworlds of the Enlightenment
    Edited by G.S. Rousseau and Roy Porter - Manchester University Press, 1987 - x + 280pp
  • 'Tis Nature's fault: Unauthorized sexuality during Enlightenment
    Edited by Robert Purks Maccubin - Cambridge University Press, - ii + 260pp

Marriage is best I ween,
It is so easy and so clean.

  • Columbia Literary History of the United States

Suffolk and the Tudors. Politics and Religion in an English County 1500-1600

Diarmaid MacCulloch. xxi + 454 pp. (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1986)

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