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Resistance to Napoleon in the Iberian peninsula gave a little-known English general a unique opportunity to remould the Portuguese army.

Caroline Bingham tells the tale of how two self-made businessmen in their seventies became the unlikely progenitors of pioneering womens' colleges in Victorian...

A 15th-Century perspective on the European balance of power.

Peter Salway examines the image Roman writers and commanders had of their island province.

Transition in art and kingship, between medieval and Renaissance Europe, characterises the first Tudor's memorial.

Ann Hills talks of the legend of Peddars Way, a Roman road in Norfolk.

Helen Wallis charts the Portugal's astonishing success in voyages of exploration between 1415 and 1520

Gerald Kennedy shows how a fear of revolution and the growing strength of organised labour created tensions in Britain after the end of the First World War. Men...

J A Sharpe looks into the work carried out by social historians into Stuart and Tudor England.

Introduced and edited by Charles Moore and Christopher Hawtree

Was the Protestant Church of Elizabeth the catalyst for a new patriotism, based on a special sense of English destiny and divine guidance?

Robin Studd shows how Henry III's acceptance after 1259 of vassal status for England's one remaining continental territory of Gascony gave enormous scope for...

Peter Biller looks at the restoration of one of England's finest remaining early town halls.

David Englander reviews three books on the Working Class and Trade Unions in Britain.

Julie Richards-Williams on the salvaging of a 17th-century Swedish warship.

What was it really like to live in an English village at the end of Queen Elizabeth's reign? To what extent was it a close-knit community? How deeply was it...

'My country, right or wrong' – but which country? The dilemmas of allegiance posed for Americans by the outbreak of war between the colonies and the British Crown...

Alan Sked looks at the sensational leaking of Austrian military secrets to Russia on the eve of the First World War.

by H. Montgomery Hyde

'Rude, rough and lawless' was one view of the women and children employed on the land in Victorian England. But was theirs a harsher fate than work in the factory...

D. CAMERON WATT reviews a work by Julian G. Hurstfield

World wars, dictatorship and the tensions of empire tested, but not to breaking point, the alliance in the twentieth century. Tom Gallagher outlines how economic...

'In trying to preserve the political conditions of international life, he allowed himself to become unscrupulous' - thirty years on Eden's coup de main...

A look into the largest ever archaeological exhibition at the British Museum.

Andrew Selkirk discusses the changing face of Pre-Conquest Britain.

Essays presented to Gwyn A. Williams

Francis Robinson takes a look at how Muslims breached the culture gap with the western world.

Edited by H. W. Koch

The Origins of Individualism, Political Oppression and the State

Paul Preston and Helen Graham discuss the tension developing in the Europe of the 30s as the Left attempted to unite against the growth of Fascism and the bloody...

Roy Porter looks into medicine in Georgian England where sufferers from the 'Glimmering of the Gizzard' the 'Quavering of the Kidneys' and the 'Wambling Trot'...

Paul Rich argues that while the official response to post-war immigration was slow to develop, the tensions and white backlash of the late fifties marked its...

The history of infant feeding

by N. F. R. Crafts

Tony Aldous observes the Newham based Passmore Edwards Museum which tells part of the story of the Great eastern railways.

The hazards of medieval pregnancy were met by attitudes that were a curious mixture of folklore, obstetrics, religion and common sense.

A Conflict of Cultures

by Roy Medvedev

Paul Dukes interprets the heritage of China in the context of global history

A Political Biography on the Labour leader and Prime Minister

A debate over the reconstruction or preservation of archaeological sites.

Was the murder of the Count of Flanders by his own vassals divine retribution for past errors, or simply another stage in the development of a state? The chronicle of...

John D. Hargreaves discusses cultural reconstruction and its political implications.

The 'pass laws' and migrant labour of apartheid in South Africa today have their origins in the policies designed to control the black workers in the diamond mines...

Tony Aldous on a Worcestershire town whose natural resources brought the Romans there.

'In the beginning, America was in the way'. Only slowly did 16th-century Englishmen turn from the chimera of a short-cut to Asia's riches to the vision of precious...

Nigel Saul takes a look at the significance of the Norman conquest.

Philip Mansel looks at the commemorations surrounding the 250th anniversary of the death of a Habsburg monarch.

'Bread and circuses' - the control and availability of grain was the key to political power and social stability in the ancient world.

'You are what you eat' was as relevant an observation for the ancients as for more modern thinkers, argues Helen King

John Cannon explores an excellent biography on Benjamin Franklin.

Kenneth Fowler looks at the genius of the 14th-century French courtier and chronicler and how he captured the spirit of his age in a sophisticated and complex...

'Manners makyth man...' but as the 19th century dawned; English intellectuals became increasingly concerned with expanding education and 'useful knowledge' down to...

by James M. Saslow

The Italian Renaissance Garden in the English Imagination 1600-1750

'Politics didn't matter': the ordinary Germany often insulated himself from the tensions of the Third Reich by concentrating on its work and leisure benefits....

'Plus ca change, plus c'est la meme chose'... many of the agricultural practices described in the art and literature of classical Greece persist to the present day...

Not just 'the Comet man' - Halley's achievements as a polymath testify to the breadth and vigour of English scientific enquiry and experiment in the years after...

An embryo patron of the English Renaissance and a lost Protestant hero? Roy Strong examines aspirations and might-have-beens in a major new study of Charles I's...

'Not as a conqueror but as a legitimate heir' – Henry's grand gamble to unite the crowns of England and France recognised the realities of national sentiment on...

by Helen Miller

John Slater looks at the school curriculum and politically sensitive debates.

Tony Thorncroft on the sale of golfing memorabilia.

An overview of Kedleston Hall, as the National Trust launch an appeal for money to restore the property which was once the home of Viscount Curzon.

Ann Hills explores the recently opened Avoncroft Open Air Museum and its latest addition.

Paul Dukes explores some of Hungary’s turbulent history and culture dating back to the thirteenth century.

Two books on the age of Marie Antoinette and the Enlightened Despots

Emancipation in British Guiana brought an influx of indentured labourers from India, whose working and living conditions were destructive of caste and culture, and...

The new phenomenon of inflation in 16th-century England not only disrupted the medieval social order, it also challenged the traditional moral censure of usury and...

John of Gaunt's dynastic ambitions coincided with the urgent need of the Portuguese Crown for foreign support to secure its sovereign independence - the catalyst...

C.C. Aronsfeld looks at a title on Teuton immigrants in 19th-century England.

by Hugh David

Medieval man fused existing elements of pagan midwinter rites with the developing theology of Christmas in an appeal to the senses of both sacred and lay.

A look into the history of a spectacular gold pendant unearthed in Yorkshire.

The punishment of a rebellious client-state by Ancient Athens was the peg on which Thucydides hung an eloquent discussion of the morality of power and violence.

General Sir John Hackett reviews a book difficult to put down.

Women were evaluated principally as child bearers and child rearers in the male-orientated world of ancient Greece, but not without dignity or compassion.

Marc Raeff reflects on the history of Russia as a great power during the eighteenth century

by William H. McNeill

Stephen Williams investigates the excavations at Leadenhall Court of the surviving portion of Roman London’s Forum- Basilica.

‘Have the authors of a two-penny weekly journal, a right to make a national inquiry'? 18th-century governments thought not and neither did the newspapers’ readers...

Mira Bar-Hillel investigates the increasing number of archaeological items being exported out of Britain.

James Graham-Campbell looks at the persisting image of the Vikings as pagan raiders striking at isolated Christian settlements. But is this the whole truth? And...

Art and Literature in Britain, 1760-1900

A chronological survey of the English genre from the 1730s to 1890s.

New titles on industry in the Victorian Age

Ann Hills on a new pictoral, archival map for a historic Dorset parish

Mike Curtis uncovers the work of museums and archaeological groups in the West of England.

Paul Adelman examines a collection of essays on early 19th-century English history.

Civil War in England brought destruction and damage in town and country far more akin to continental warfare than has often been supposed.

Female Preaching and Popular Religion in Industrial England

England 1640-1660

Bruce Collins assesses various wars of national liberation and role of guerrillas throughout the world.

by Christopher Hill

Keith Hopkins reviews an encyclopaedic work looking at the ancient archaeology of Roman sport

Paul Dukes sets the scene for a series of articles on the rise of Russia from the seventeenth century.

Jeremy Black looks at the establishment of Russian hegemony in Eastern Europe and beyond.

Ann Hills talks about the development of a Scapa flow centre to commemorate the use one of the greatest harbours from the Napoleonic Wars to the end of the Second...

Port wine and a queen for England from Braganza - commercial and cultural links strengthened the alliance steadily during the Age of Reason.

Felix Barker reflects on the forgotten Low Countries war of 1586.

Paul Preston follows the unsettled road leading to the clash between the Republicans and Nationalists.

Paul Preston investigates the media and publishing trade in Spain.

John Erickson reviews

Felix Barker tells the tale of the newly resorted mill wheel at Styal.


Geoffrey Bolton reviews.

Bernard Porter looks into Britain’s line over terrorism during the nineteenth century.

Jeremy Black reviews a new book on Swedish history by Michael Roberts.

A Study in Medieval Writing and Thought

The Angevin Empire may have come about by a mixture of luck and calculation, but skill and respect for local custom were required for Henry II to preserve it...

Paul Cartledge reviews.

Julian Amery reviews a work on the rise and fall of industrial Britain.

A study of two magnates of the 12th century at the time of Stephen.

Two titles on early mass mobilization in the Soviet Union and the feared NKVD Secret Police.

Victoria to Freud, Volume 2, The Tender Passion

Tony Aldous reveals the story behind Faversham and a gunpowder works built there around the mid-16th century

by Charles Tilly

by J. H. Elliott

A study of the National Union of Dock Labourers, 1889-1922

David Starkey explores one of his favourite museum galleries, in south London.

A reflection on the beginnings of the motor car industry by Lord Montagu of Beaulieu.

Greg Lodge reviews.

Ian Bradley explores a publication on English literature and the traditions of political verse.

A damned inheritance, hopelessly over-extended and out-resourced by the kings of France? Or an effective empire thrown away by incompetence and harshness? John...

Stephen Williams reviews a book on the fall of the Roman Empire.

Victor Bailey reviews two titles on Empire and Culture.

Susan Bayly looks into an Indian Museum in the southern state of Tamil Nadu.

Arthur Marwick explores two contrasting titles on the First World War.

Robert Thorpe accounts for the development of Glasgow since the nineteenth century.

Volume 5, The Eighteenth Century

In this abridged version of the prize-winning essay from our recent competition, Tracey Earl follows the fortunes of the Protestant refugees who came to Canterbury...

A history of wasted opportunity – prejudice, procrastination and fears of a British backlash hampered attempts to give the Indian Army a native officer corps between...

Mike Curtis takes a look at historical Hampshire.

'Woman's work is never done...' - a small team of women inspectors strove energetically in turn-of-the-century Britain to reduce excess hours and abuses in factory...

Asa Briggs reviews this new book

Francis Robinson explores new educational and cultural advances in the Himalayan kingdom of Bhutan.

The collected works of a distinguished 19th-century journalist

Sarah Jane Checkland visits a 15th-century Wiltshire Manor House.

Edited by B.L. Anderson and A.J.H. Latham

Ian Mitchell explores the Märkisches Museum devoted to the history of Berlin and the Mark Brandenburg.

Francis Robinson examines two publications on the medieval Near East.

Intellectual sharpness and an aggressive building programme marked the Norman transformation of English monasticism.

Stephen Johnson discusses the opening of an 11th century castle in Northumberland.

A round up of the latest texts on the complex subject of the Norman Conquest.

Ruthless militarists who extinguished a more thoughtful and sophisticated culture? Or synthesisers of genius who gave England a new lease of life in focusing its...

Anglo-Saxon art gave way to Romanesque under the Conqueror and his successors, but the change was more gradual and less one-sided than the political changes might...

J K Elliot examines sources on the New Testament and early Christians.

John Maddicott argues that Edward III's bid for glory in France was motivated by concerns about England's neighbours and trade as well as amour propre for...

The redevelopment of Toxteth in Liverpool means it now once again accommodates the middle classes, Tony Aldous talks of it rehabilitation.

T.P. Wiseman on a useful volume for the general reader.

Mike Curtis explroes an important collection of papers from the Cavendish-Bentinck family, Dukes of Portland.

Ralph Houlbrooke traces back the distinctive roots of the modern family.

Robert Thorne on a book aiming to put people back into railway history.

Kevin Sharpe on a movement that helped shape the history of Europe and the world.

Three texts dealing with the transition from the Renaissance to the Modern Age

A look into a building designed by an early American architect situated in Hammerwood Park near East Grinstead in Sussex.

by David P. Jordan

Helen Graham on the political coalitions in Spain in the 1930s and their role in blocking Fascism.

Scotland under Charles I, 1625-37

Philip Mansel explores a fascinating title on the funerals of the monarchs.

Brian Holden Reid on an intimate account of Cabinet government.

A book on the history of the Peninsular War and another review of a title on Portugal as seen by British Diplomats and traders.

Ann Hills explores the impact on various eras of history of the mines of the Nenthead area.

David Stevenson takes a look back on the treaty that ended the First World War.

Ann Hills investigates National Trust properties in Ireland being singled out for new development plans.

Gerald Aylmer reviews

Asa Briggs reviews Volume XI, on the new town of Telford and its unique heritage.

H.C.G. Matthew on a work about the influence of history on 19th-century writers.

Warriors but adaptors - the Vikings built on existing urban settlement to produce towns like York and Lincoln, prosperous and busy with domestic manufacture and...

Eric Christiansen examines a work on the Norse contacts with the Americas.

Without their Welsh connections, the Tudors could never have made good their rags-to-riches ascent to the English throne, argues Peter R. Roberts.

by Frank Barlow

Peter Stansky takes a look at the increasing number of houses either privately owned or owned by the National Trust being opened to the public.

Roy Forster takes a closer look at the history of Home Rule and Union over the last century.

Penry Williams reviews a title on espionage and counter-espionage in the 16th-century

Cities and Empire, 1450-1550, and Popular Pamphleteers in Southwest Germany, 1521-1525

Robert Thorne takes a look at the reconstruction of the New Tyne Theatre after a recent fire.

A Puritan Artisan in Seventeenth-Century London

Richard Normington looks into the popularity of Wargames.

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