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1980

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by John Grigg

Maggie Black describes an 18th century festive meal.

by John lliffe

Norman Davies looks at a focused history of the rise of Polish Communism

Baron von Mildenstein and the S.S. support of Zionism in Germany from 1934-1936.

S. R. Karugire

Papers relating to Adam Smith by Andrew Skinner

Isaiah Berlin

The United States and Vietnam, 1950-1975 by George C. Herring

Law and Disorder in Stuart and Hanoverian England.

by M. I. Finley

by P. Collinson

John Gooch

Ian Bradley looks at the history of a topical political issue

Max Egremont

Edited by P. Laslett, K. Oosterveen and R. M. Smith

The Spanish Republicans in France, 1939-1955 by Louis Stein

Adolf Hitler was born in Austria on April 20th, 1889. In this article, 'Makers of the Twentieth Century: Hitler', from our 1980 archive, Jeremy Noakes argues that...

by Nathan Irvin Huggins

Bryan Little promotes the notion that a whole city may be considered as a single monument which both commemorates many phases of history and which has survived frorn...

A survey of the Special Operations Executive with Documents by David Stafford

To mark the occasion of the fifteenth International Congress of Historical Sciences, being held in Bucharest from 9th-15th of this month, we present a portrait of the...

Slavery in the Ante-Bellum South - A Historiographical Survey by Hugh Tulloch.

"We belong to that little group of peoples destined... for a special role, the tragic role. Their anxiety is not whether they will be prosperous tomorrow, great or...

by Heinz Hohne

Edited by Robin Fisher and Hugh Johnston

by Emmanuel Le Roy Ladurie

An introduction by Paul Dukes to two articles on Celtic immigration to the New World.

Abraham D. Kriegel on a study of the Englightenment circle of Holland House

The loss to the Turks of Constantinople, the ancient capital of the Eastern Empire, in 1453 had been a terrible blow to Christendom. It was the crusading dream of...

A round-up of children’s books from Winter 1980.

Lawrence A. Clayton on the Chinese labourers who came to work in Peru, often in appalling conditions.

The history of the making of maps should be a source for historians at at least three levels; the geographical, the technical and the political. An exhibition has...

by T. P. Wiseman

by Peter L. Payne

Finlay McKichan uncovers what life was like for police constabularies a century ago.

Our understanding of coral and coral reefs, believes C.M. Yonge, was greatly advanced by the voyages of Cook and Darwin to the South Pacific.

Scotland was a much more disciplined society in the years before the Industrial Revolution than has usually been supported, as Lenman and Parker, the authors of...

by J. J. Tobias.

David Stevenson

Josip Broz Tito died on May 4th, 1980. In this article from our 1980 archive, Basil Davidson reassesses the legacy of the Yugoslavian president and soldier.

Walter Minchinton surveys the latest publications in this new area of research

by David Chandler

by Nicholas Harman

by Michael Hoffman

Yoshida Shigeru and the Japanese Experience 1878-1954 by J. W. Dower

by Donald Read

by Gerald Cobb

Anne Roberts reviews a book by Vieda Skultans.

Popular art in the form of cartoons, caricatures and simple engravings offered great potential for political propaganda as the revolutionary leaders discovered. As...

A round-up by Leah Leneman.

by Peter J. Klassen

A Tuscan Story of the Seventeenth Century by Carlo M. Cipolla, translated by Muriel Kittel

Martin Gilbert

The Remaking of French Jewry, 1906-1939 by Paula Hyman

Inspired by the myth of Prince Madoc who was believed to have discovered America before Columbus. Welshmen sought to establish 'Gwladfa' a national home for their...

by Margaret Wade Labarge

by Percy M. Young

by J. H. Plumb

by Terence H. Qualter

After the French Revolution, the colony of Guadeloupe experienced many upheavals and was, for much of the time, virtually independent. Nevertheless it kept the...

Phyllis Grosskurth

by Adrian Hastings

D. C. Watt reviews a work by Norman Stone.

Paul Preston reviews The Blue Division in Russia by Gerald R. Kleinfeld and Lewis A. Tambs.

A Collection of Essays by Henry Lethbridge

by Philip M. Williams

by Maurice Shellim

Vietnam's present-day expansionism in Indo-China is not a recent phenomenon but has roots in its pre-colonial past argues Milton Osborne.

by James E. Cronin

Edited by George L. Mosse

by Peter J. Reynolds

Walter Minchinton reviews a book on the Industrial Revolution

Francis Watson looks at British travellers in Italy throughout the ages.

by Sarvepalli Gopal

Adams was a remarkable man and the most able member of America's most celebrated political dynasty. He was a polymath, second only to Jefferson as the most...

A new translation by Anne and Peter Wiseman

by Jeremy Murray-Brown

Norman Gash on the personal life of the man who was Prime Minister at the time of Waterloo and for nearly twelve years afterwards, who has hitherto excited little...

by Mervyn Brown

Paul Addison writes on Churchill, the British war leader who mobilised the will to resist German aggression and became a focal point for the world. But the '...

Hitler's contribution to the history of the twentieth century has been one of destruction. The war he started in 1939, argues Jeremy Noakes, was to recast the...

'Ho, Ho, Ho Chi Minh' was the chant of radicals in the 1966s and 1970s, idolising the Communist leader who led Vietnam's Revolutionary struggle first against...

'The cult of personality' means that for the West Stalin personified the arbitrary terror of the Soviet regime: yet he must also stand for the USSR's greatest...

A study of Lenin by D.A. Longley which questions the usual criteria by which the great Soviet leader's influence and legacy are judged.

Gandhi's lasting significance, argues Judith M. Brown in this article, lies, perhaps, not so much in what he actually did, but what he stood for.... Men like him...

Franklin Delano Roosevelt, the longest-serving American President, has been accused of 'spineless government that betrayed the integrity of American ideals'. S.G.F...

In 1945 Tito wrote. ‘We mean to make Yugoslavia both democratic and independent’. How was this possible, asks Basil Davidson, for a war-torn Communist country in a...

With their differing approaches Weizmann and Ben-Gurion were the founding fathers of the state of Israel. Inspired by Herzl they laboured to give Zionism unity,...

Thurstan Shaw presents a special feature on human attempts to manipulate and control natural resources

by Christopher Donaldson

David McLellan

C. R. Dobson

Mark Jones looks at the cultural power of messages on medals.

The beautiful summer palaces of Yuan Ming Yuan outside Peking, designed by Europeans for the Emperor of China in the middle of the eighteenth century, have now...

Peter Allen looks at the Palace of Potala in lhasa, Tibet.

The preservation of the past must inevitably pose particular problems in a city which is literally a living monument to the Middle Age of African history, especially...

by Veljko Micunovic

D.G. Chandler reviews three books on war.

In his article last month in our series, 'Makers of the Twentieth Century', Jeremy Noakes evaluated Hitler's contribution to the creation of Nazi Germany and the...

Graham Seal explores the life and legend of Ned Kelly.

On May 3rd, 1841, New Zeland was declared a British colony. The previous year, when the British and Maori signed the Treaty of Waitangi, Governor Hobson declared...

Ronald Lewin looks at two new publications in military history

Edward Acton reviews a new book by Marc Ferro.

by Paul Dukes

J. H. M. Salmon looks at Romantic literary interpretations of Oliver Cromwell.

Louis C. Kleber reviews.

By C.R. Boxer.

Peter Beck sets contemporary reportage of and reaction to the 1924 Olympics in the context of their times.

Maggie Black looks at the political uses of dining in 18th century England

Richard Whiting reviews a book on British society during the Industrial Revolution.

by Robin Seager

Wynne Williams reviews a book on Pompey.

by Patricia James

The Political Career of Christopher, Viscount Addison by Kenneth and Jane Morgan

Much less is known about the Portuguese conquistadores of eastern Africa, explains Malyn Newitt, than of their counterparts in America and the Indies.

The Presidential Election of 1928 by Allan J. Lichtmann

Mr Justice Malet and the Kentish Petitions by T. P. S. Woods

In the century between the union of the Crowns in 1603 and the Parliaments in 1707, was Scotland a backward nation with no influence south of the border asks David...

The Uses of Biblical Prophecy in England from the 1790s to the 1840s by W. H. Oliver

by Petros Garoufalias

An Appreciation by Christopher Hill

by Colin N. Crisswell

The census of religious worship taken in England and Wales in 1851 gives a unique insight into the religious habits of our Victorian predecessors which, as Bruce...

Cathy Porter reviews a new book by Christopher Read.

Alan Kendall

Edward Acton has mixed feelings about a new book on Russia in 1917

Juliet Gardiner reviews a new biography of Louis XVIII

Politics, Religion, and Government, 1620-1690 by John T. Evans

Alan Wood writes that the wastelands of Siberia have provided Russia with 'a vast roofless prison' for criminals and political prisoners banished into exile....

by Judith Hook

The epic voyage of this Elizabethan adventurer to Peru and his subsequent capture by its Spanish masters inspired Charles Kingsley's Westward Ho! An article by A.L...

More is often thought of as a gentle family man who died for his principles, not as a disciplinarian and burner of heretics...

D.G. Chandler reviews this history of warfare in ancient Greece and Rome

Shula Marks examines the abundant archaeological evidence, much of it recently gathered, for the widespread settlement of South Africa before 1488 when Portuguese...

by Milton Osborne

A round-up of interesting and intriguing books for generalist and specialist alike, in Spring 1980.

St. Catherine of Siena lived out her whole life with a profound belief in the spiritual value of lay experience, explains Judith Hook.

St. George then looking around about The fiery dragon soon espy'd, And like a knight of courage stout, Against him did most fiercely ride... And thus within the...

Far from being a recent development, student control was a factor in the early growth of the university as an institution argues Alan B. Cobban.

Edited by David Vincent

According to Lindsey A.J. Hughes, Peter the Great's programme of Westernisation was neither as unheralded nor such a break with the past as has sometimes been...

Roland Oliver reviews a fascinating exploration of the Lozi people of Zambia

by N. A. M. Rodger

by Blaire M. Kling and M. N. Pearson (eds.)

by Edward M. Spiers

Princess Abida Sultaan, granddaughter of the last woman ruler of Bhopal, Begum Sultan Jahan, examines the rule of the Begum dynasty.

Thomas Pakenham

The Roman invasion of Britain divided its constituent kingdoms and tribes. Some supported the Romans, others fiercely opposed their occupation and suffered...

Forrest McDonald and Grady McWhiney look at Celtic emigration to the Southern states of America.

A new history of the Jesuits, reviewed by C.R. Boxer

by Robert Ashton

by Francis Oakley

On June 13th the historian, Walter Rodney, died in a car explosion in Georgetown. Mystery surrounds his death, with the Guyanan regime claiming he was killed by a...

The work of historians like Walter Rodney alters the way we look at the world, and in recognition of the significance of his work and life, History Today is...

The Civil War in Zululand 1879-1884 by Jeff Guy

David Nicholls examines the central position of Satan in early modern French popular culture.

by J. Jean Hecht

by Mauro Cristofani

An introduction by Geoffrey Parker on the European Witchcraze of the 16th and 17th centuries.

Nineteenth-century Argentina and the United States shared similar frontier problems, but Argentina had both a northern and southern frontier to defend against...

With the increase in Irish immigration into Britain in the mid-nineteenth century, concern arose about the resurgence of Catholicism. Yet not all women in convents...

Gustav Henningsen on the Navarre Witch-trials of the 17th century.

After gaining its independence from Spain in 1824, Peru experienced a boom as a result of demand for guano as a fertiliser. As John Peter Olinger details, the boom...

Hinduism in the late nineteenth century, explains Lenah Leneman, experienced a revival that was to reawaken its devotees to their ancient faith, expose them to...

by Kenneth Stampp

Olwen Hufton reviews.

The refugee supporters of the House of Stuart, explains Bruce Lehman, made new lives for themselves as Europeans, achieving success as bankers, merchants, soldiers...

The seventeenth-century Jews regarded Venice as 'the land of promise', where for a few generations they flourished almost free from constraint and prejudice.

...

Harold Acton

The year 1980 is being celebrated throughout the world as the fifteen-hundredth anniversary of the birth of St Benedict, whose rule, explains Henry Loyn, has been the...

by R. J. W. Evans

When the British and Maori signed the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, Governor Hobson declared: 'We are one people'. Today, as Professor Keith Sinclair shows, this...

The Mexican Revolution was one of the great revolutionary upheavals of the twentieth century: beginning in 1910, it still continues - at least according to the...

J.A. Murphy reviews a collection of essays on the reign of Mary Tudor

by Robert L. Wilken

The island of lona became the centre of Celtic Christianity in Scotland with the arrival of St. Columba in 563. Yet the monuments remaining there, argues Ruth...

At first the English withstood the Norman attack of 1066. But soon they succumbed to the invaders, as did their virile language of record. An article by H.R. Loyn...

by Roy Medvedev, translated by George Saunders

Themes and Personalities in Victorian Liberalism by Ian Bradley

by S. H. M. Jafri

Anne Roberts explores the incidence of plague in England from 1348 to 1679.

by B. R. Tomlinson

F. P. Lock

Norman A.F. Smith explores the use through history of the water-mill and dams.

The first of the series by J. Kenneth Major, on the harnessing of human and animal sources of energy.

Walter Minchinton, with assistance from the late Peveril Meig, looks at the potential of the ocean - from tidal mills to power stations.

Walter Minchinton traces the use and advantages of the windmill.

by Edward W. Said

R.J. Morris reviews a book on Victorian society.

The two articles that follow provide the background to the resurgence that is sweeping the Islamic world from Morocco to Malaysia. In the first, Professor Enayat...

In the second article of The Resurgence of Islam Dr. Leila Ahmed, an Egyptian scholar who has taught at the United Arab Emirates University, examines the...

Philip Mansel looks at a book on Prussian history.

David Watkin

by Mark A. Kishlansky

Paul Dukes looks at the history of Russians in eighteenth-century Britain

Edward Acton reviews a book on Russia's Revolution.

by E. R. Chamberlin

The politics of partition reappraised by O. M. Schreuder

The Welsh and the Atlantic Revolution by Gwyn A. Williams

by J. Michael Hittle

Ivan Roots on the brief reign of Richard Cromwell.

Four hundred years ago, explains Stephen Clissold, Portugal was joined with Spain in a sixty-year long and unpopular union.

by J. L. Hammond and Barbara Hammond. Edited by John Rule.

by Andrew Rothstein

Richard Cobb

Radetzky, the Imperial Army and the Class War, 1848 by Alan Sked

The tango was to Argentina what jazz was to New Orleans. As Simon Collier explains, it swept the world in the pre-First World War era and Carlos Gardel was its...

In 1951 Leopold III of Belgium was forced to abdicate after a disastrous reign in which his country was overrun by Germany and he himself taken prisoner. It was a...

Volume Vlll. The Interim Government 3 July - 1 November 1946, edited by Nicholas Mansergh and Penderel Moon

Social Change, Political Consciousness, and the Origins of the American Revolution by Gary B. Nash

Review by David Childs

Francis Robinson looks at the relationship between teacher and pupil in Islamic society.

T.P. Wiseman commends Richard Jenkyns' interpretation of the Ancient Greeks.

Richard Cavendish visits an association dedicated to the 19th-century poet, socialist and craftsman.

by J. Bryan III and Charles J. V. Murphy

Michael Crowder looks back over 30 years of history publishing

Sir Peter Allen examines the history of Tibet's relationship with China and the Western World. 

Decisive Naval Campaigns in the Rise of the West, Vol. I, 1481-1654 by Peter Padfield

by Sir Duncan Wilson

by Ian Cameron

The invasion of Poland by Tsar Alexis of Russia in May, 1654, marked the emergence of his country as a major European power. As Philip Longworth argues here, it was...

'Monumentally bad diplomacy, worse strategy, chaotic military organisation and inept generalship' - Thomas Tulenko describes how great powers have failed in their...

by William Seymour, Eberhard Kaulbach and Jacques Champagne, edited by Lord Chalfont.


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